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Crystallography


The Physics of Liquid Crystals (International Series of Monographs on Physics)

The Physics of Liquid Crystals (International Series of Monographs on Physics) Lowest new price: $83.98
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Author: P. G. de Gennes

This new edition of the classic text incorporates the many advances in knowledge about liquid crystals that have taken place since its initial publication in 1974. Entirely new chapters describe the types and properties of liquid crystals in terms of both recently discovered phases and current insight into the nature of local order and isotropic-to-nematic transition. There is an extensive discussion of the symmetrical, macroscopic, dynamic, and defective properties of smectics and columnar phases, with emphasis on order-of-magnitude considerations, all illustrated with numerous descriptions of experimental arrangements. The final chapter is devoted to phase transitions in smectics, including the celebrated analogy between smectic A and superconductors. This new version's topicality and breadth of coverage will ensure that it remains an indispensable guide for researchers and graduate students in mechanics and engineering, and in chemical, solid state, and statistical physics.

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Electron Crystallography of Biological Macromolecules

Electron Crystallography of Biological Macromolecules Lowest new price: $153.00
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Author: Robert Glaeser

This book provides a complete introduction to both the practical details and the theoretical foundations required in order to use electron microscopy as a research tool in structural biology. Planned and written by a group of 5 well-known experts who have pioneered different aspects of the field of electron cryo-microscopy (cryo-EM) of biological macromolecules, this book offers a depth of knowledge and expertise that could only be replicated from the primary literature with great difficulty. Figures and illustrations are used liberally to simplify the understanding of concepts and to provide ready access to examples of biological applications. In addition, numerous boxes provide auxiliary information for those who wish to go more deeply into areas of background with which they may not already be familiar. The organization of topics lends itself well to using this book either to gain a comprehensive mastery of all aspects of the field of cryo-EM or as an authoritative reference source for individual topics within the field.

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Crystal Symmetry, Lattice Vibrations and Optical Spectroscopy of Solids: A Group Theoretical Approach

Crystal Symmetry, Lattice Vibrations and Optical Spectroscopy of Solids: A Group Theoretical Approach Lowest new price: $94.00
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Author: Baldassare Di Bartolo

This book provides a comprehensive treatment of the two fundamental aspects of a solid that determine its physical properties: lattice structure and atomic vibrations (phonons). The elements of group theory are extensively developed and used as a tool to show how the symmetry of a solid and the vibrations of the atoms in the solid lead to the physical properties of the material. The uses of different types of spectroscopy techniques that elucidate the lattice structure of a solid and the normal vibrational modes of the atoms in the solid are described. The interaction of light with solids (optical spectroscopy) is described in detail including how lattice symmetry and phonons affect the spectral properties and how spectral properties provide information about the material's symmetry and normal modes of lattice vibrations. The effects of point defects (doping) on the lattice symmetry and atomic vibrations and thus the spectral properties are discussed and used to show how material symmetry and lattice vibrations are critical in determining the properties of solid state lasers.


Fivefold Symmetry

Fivefold Symmetry Lowest new price: $138.00
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Brand: Brand: World Scientific Pub Co Inc

Fivefold symmetry is common in flowers, fruits, molecules, logos, and buildings, but it is a forbidden symmetry in the world of crystals. A few years ago, the so-called quasicrystals were discovered displaying fivefold symmetry, and it caused a minirevolution in crystallography. There has been increased awareness of fivefold symmetry in all domains of human interest ever since. The present book brings together authors and ideas on a common theme from mathematics, the sciences, design, and anthropology to history, literature, and the arts. Its 29 chapters are an offering by scientists and humanists from 13 countries to a broad readership of professionals and laypersons about fivefold symmetry and the areas that are being bridged by this unique concept.

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  • Used Book in Good Condition


Group Theory Applied to Chemistry (Theoretical Chemistry and Computational Modelling)

Group Theory Applied to Chemistry (Theoretical Chemistry and Computational Modelling) Lowest new price: $59.00
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Author: Arnout Jozef Ceulemans
Brand: Arnout Jozef Ceulemans

Chemists are used to the operational definition of symmetry, which crystallographers introduced long before the advent of quantum mechanics. The ball-and-stick models of molecules naturally exhibit the symmetrical properties of macroscopic objects. However, the practitioner of quantum chemistry and molecular modeling is not concerned with balls and sticks, but with subatomic particles: nuclei and electrons. 

This textbook introduces the subtle metaphors which relate our macroscopic understanding of symmetry to the molecular world. It gradually explains how bodily rotations and reflections, which leave all inter-particle distances unaltered, affect the study of molecular phenomena that depend only on these internal distances. It helps readers to acquire the skills to make use of the mathematical tools of group theory for whatever chemical problems they are confronted with in the course of their own research.

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  • Group Theory Applied to Chemistry


Introduction to Elasticity Theory for Crystal Defects: 2nd Edition

Introduction to Elasticity Theory for Crystal Defects: 2nd Edition Lowest new price: $67.99
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Author: Robert W Balluffi

The book presents a unified and self-sufficient and reader-friendly introduction to the anisotropic elasticity theory necessary to model a wide range of point, line, planar and volume type crystal defects (e.g., vacancies, dislocations, interfaces, inhomogeneities and inclusions). The necessary elasticity theory is first developed along with basic methods for obtaining solutions. This is followed by a detailed treatment of each defect type. Included are analyses of their elastic fields and energies, their interactions with imposed stresses and image stresses, and the interactions that occur between them, all employing the basic methods introduced earlier. All results are derived in full with intermediate steps shown, and "it can be shown" is avoided. A particular effort is made to describe and compare different methods of solving important problems. Numerous exercises (with solutions) are provided to strengthen the reader's understanding and extend the immediate text. In the 2nd edition an additional chapter has been added which treats the important topic of the self-forces that are experienced by defects that are extended in more than one dimension. A considerable number of exercises have been added which expand the scope of the book and furnish further insights. Numerous sections of the book have been rewritten to provide additional clarity and scope. The major aim of the book is to provide, in one place, a unique and complete introduction to the anisotropic theory of elasticity for defects written in a manner suitable for both students and professionals.


Chemical Vapour Deposition: Precursors, Processes and Applications

Chemical Vapour Deposition: Precursors, Processes and Applications Lowest new price: $131.11
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Brand: Brand: Royal Society of Chemistry

Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD) involves the deposition of thin solid films from chemical precursors in the vapour phase, and encompasses a variety of deposition techniques, including a range of thermal processes, plasma enhanced CVD (PECVD), photon- initiated CVD, and atomic layer deposition (ALD). The development of CVD technology owes a great deal to collaboration between different scientific disciplines such as chemistry, physics, materials science, engineering and microelectronics, and the publication of this book will promote and stimulate continued dialogue between scientists from these different research areas. The book is one of the most comprehensive overviews ever written on the key aspects of chemical vapour deposition processes and it is more comprehensive, technically detailed and up-to-date than other books on CVD. The contributing authors are all practising CVD technologists and are leading international experts in the field of CVD. It presents a logical and progressive overview of the various aspects of CVD processes. Basic concepts, such as the various types of CVD processes, the design of CVD reactors, reaction modelling and CVD precursor chemistry are covered in the first few chapters. Then follows a detailed description of the use of a variety CVD techniques to deposit a wide range of materials, including semiconductors, metals, metal oxides and nitrides, protective coatings and functional coatings on glass. Finally and uniquely, for a technical volume, industrial and commercial aspects of CVD are also discussed together with possible future trends, which is an unusual, but very important aspect of the book. The book has been written with CVD practitioners in mind, such as the chemist who wishes to learn more about CVD processes, or the CVD technologist who wishes to gain an increased knowledge of precursor chemistry. The volume will prove particularly useful to those who have recently entered the field, and it will also make a valuable contribution to chemistry and materials science lecture courses at undergraduate and postgraduate level.

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  • Used Book in Good Condition


Glassy Materials and Disordered Solids: An Introduction to Their Statistical Mechanics (Revised Edition)

Glassy Materials and Disordered Solids: An Introduction to Their Statistical Mechanics (Revised Edition) Lowest new price: $106.99
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Author: Kurt Binder
Brand: Kurt Binder

This book gives a pedagogical introduction to the physics of amorphous solids and related disordered condensed matter systems. Important concepts from statistical mechanics such as percolation, random walks, fractals and spin glasses are explained. Using these concepts, the common aspects of these systems are emphasized, and the current understanding of the glass transition and the structure of glasses are concisely reviewed. This second edition includes new material on emerging topics in the field of disordered systems such as gels, driven systems, dynamical heterogeneities, growing length scales etc. as well as an update of the literature in this rapidly developing field.

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  • Glassy Materials and Disordered Solids


Principles of X-ray Crystallography

Principles of X-ray Crystallography Lowest new price: $39.00
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Author: Li-ling Ooi

X-ray crystallography has long been a powerful tool in the elucidation of the three-dimensional structures of small molecules and macromolecules. However, despite its power, it is a technically challenging subject that those new to the technique often find daunting.

An ideal primer for students encountering the technique for the first time, Principles of X-ray Crystallography provides a clear, succinct guide to the three-dimensional world of molecules. Featuring a lucid and direct writing style, real-life examples, diagrams, exercises, and activities, this unique text engages students in visualizing three-dimensional structures, rather than overwhelming them with excessive detail.

Author Li-ling Ooi explores both the theoretical principles on which the technique is based and the practice of gathering and analyzing crystallographic data, offering a balanced, well-rounded account of the field. Drawing on valuable teaching experience, Ooi employs a tutorial approach--including self-test exercises and hands-on activities--that leads students through key concepts in a carefully structured and evenly paced manner.

The text encompasses aspects of both small molecule and macromolecular crystallography, highlighting the similarities and differences between the two. A companion website features resources for students--a library of annotated web links and data sets related to topics discussed in the book--and instructors--downloadable figures from the book in electronic format and PowerPoint slide sets for each chapter.

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Biophysical approaches to translational control of gene expression (Biophysics for the Life Sciences)

Biophysical approaches to translational control of gene expression (Biophysics for the Life Sciences) Lowest new price: $91.00
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Brand: Jonathon D Dinman

This book provides a premier resource on understanding the ribosome's essential nature and how it interacts with other proteins and nucleic acids to control protein synthesis. As one of the central foundations in our understanding of the biology at the molecular level, this topic appeals to a wide audience, from bench researcher to clinician.  With the advent of atomic scale structures, methods to visualize and separate individual molecules, and the computational power to model the complex interactions of over a million atoms at once, our understanding of how gene expression is controlled at the level of protein translation is now deeply ensconced in the biophysical realm.

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  • Biophysical Approaches to Translational Control of Gene Expression


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