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Solid-State Physics


The Seneca Effect: Why Growth is Slow but Collapse is Rapid (The Frontiers Collection)

The Seneca Effect: Why Growth is Slow but Collapse is Rapid (The Frontiers Collection) Lowest new price: $57.82
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Author: Ugo Bardi

The essence of this book can be found in a line written by the ancient Roman Stoic Philosopher Lucius Annaeus Seneca: "Fortune is of sluggish growth, but ruin is rapid". This sentence summarizes the features of the phenomenon that we call "collapse," which is typically sudden and often unexpected, like the proverbial "house of cards." But why are such collapses so common, and what generates them? Several books have been published on the subject, including the well known "Collapse" by Jared Diamond (2005), "The collapse of complex societies" by Joseph Tainter (1998) and "The Tipping Point," by Malcom Gladwell (2000). Why The Seneca Effect? This book is an ambitious attempt to pull these various strands together by describing collapse from a multi-disciplinary viewpoint. The reader will discover how collapse is a collective phenomenon that occurs in what we call today "complex systems," with a special emphasis on system dynamics and the concept of "feedback." From this foundation, Bardi applies the theory to real-world systems, from the mechanics of fracture and the collapse of large structures to financial collapses, famines and population collapses, the fall of entire civilzations, and the most dreadful collapse we can imagine: that of the planetary ecosystem generated by overexploitation and climate change. The final objective of the book is to describe a conclusion that the ancient stoic philosophers had already discovered long ago, but that modern system science has rediscovered today. If you want to avoid collapse you need to embrace change, not fight it. Neither a book about doom and gloom nor a cornucopianist's dream, The Seneca Effect goes to the heart of the challenges that we are facing today, helping us to manage our future rather than be managed by it.

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Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer Series in Optical Sciences)

Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer Series in Optical Sciences) Lowest new price: $187.24
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Author: Walter Koechner
Brand: Walter Koechner

Written from an industrial perspective this book discusses in detail the characteristics, design, construction, and performance of solid-state lasers. Emphasis is placed on engineering and practical considerations; phenomenological aspects using models are preferred to abstract mathematical derivations. Since its first edition almost 30 years ago this book has become the standard in the field of solid-state lasers for scientists, engineers and graduate students. This edition has been extensively revised and updated to account for recent developments in the areas of diode-laser pumping, laser materials and nonlinear crystals, and entire new sections have been added.

Features:

  • Solid State Laser Engineering

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Introduction to Solid State Physics

Introduction to Solid State Physics Lowest new price: $15.41
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Author: Charles Kittel

Brand New

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Materials Chemistry

Materials Chemistry Lowest new price: $91.14
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Author: Bradley D. Fahlman
Brand: Brand: Springer

The 2nd edition of Materials Chemistry builds on the strengths that were recognized by a 2008 Textbook Excellence Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association (TAA). Materials Chemistry addresses inorganic-, organic-, and nano-based materials from a structure vs. property treatment, providing a suitable breadth and depth coverage of the rapidly evolving materials field ― in a concise format. The 2nd edition continues to offer innovative coverage and practical perspective throughout, e.g.: the opening solid-state chemistry chapter uses color illustrations of crystalline unit cells and digital photos of models to clarify their structures. This edition features more archetypical unit cells and includes fundamental principles of X-ray crystallography and band theory. In addition, an ample amorphous-solids section has been expanded to include more details regarding zeolite syntheses, as well as ceramics classifications and their biomaterial applications. The subsequent metals chapter has been re-organized for clarity, and continues to treat the full spectrum of powder metallurgical methods, complex phase behaviors of the Fe-C system and steels, and topics such as corrosion and shape-memory properties. The mining/processing of metals has also been expanded to include photographs of various processes occurring in an actual steelmaking plant. The semiconductor chapter addresses evolution and limitations/solutions of modern transistors, as well as IC fabrication and photovoltaics. Building on the fundamentals presented earlier, more details regarding the band structure of semiconductors is now included, as well as discussions of GaAs vs. Si for microelectronics applications, and surface reconstruction nomenclature. The emerging field of ‘soft lithographic’ patterning is now included in this chapter, and thin film deposition methodologies are also greatly expanded to now include more fundamental aspects of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and atomic layer deposition (ALD). The polymer and ‘soft’ materials chapter represents the largest expansion for the 2nd edition. This chapter describes all polymeric classes including dendritic polymers, as well as important additives such as plasticizers and flame-retardants, and emerging applications such as molecular magnets and self-repairing polymers. This edition now features ‘click chemistry’ polymerization,  silicones, conductive polymers and biomaterials applications such as biodegradable polymers, biomedical devices, drug delivery, and contact lenses. Final chapters on nanomaterials and materials-characterization techniques are also carefully surveyed, focusing on nomenclature, synthetic techniques, and applications taken from the latest scientific literature. The 2nd edition has been significantly updated to now include nanotoxicity, vapor-phase growth of 0-D nanostructures, and more details regarding synthetic techniques and mechanisms for solution-phase growth of various nanomaterials. Graphene, recognized by the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics, is now also included in this edition. Most appropriate for Junior/Senior undergraduate students, as well as first-year graduate students in chemistry, physics, or engineering fields, Materials Chemistry may also serve as a valuable reference to industrial researchers. Each chapter concludes with a section that describes important materials applications, and an updated list of thought-provoking questions. The appendices have also been updated with additional laboratory modules for materials synthesis (e.g., porous silicon) and a comprehensive timeline of major materials developments.

Features:

  • Used Book in Good Condition

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Competing Interactions and Pattern Formation in Nanoworld

Competing Interactions and Pattern Formation in Nanoworld Lowest new price: $156.34
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Author: Elena Vedmedenko

Systems displaying competing interactions of some kind are widespread - much more, in fact, as commonly anticipated (magnetic and Ising-type interactions or the dynamics of DNA molecules being only two popular examples).

Written for researchers in the field with different professional backgrounds, this volume classifies phenomena not by system but rather by the type of competing interactions involved. This allows for a straightforward presentation of the underlying principles and the universal laws governing the behaviour of different systems.

Starting with a historical overview, the author proceeds by describing self-competitions of various types of interactions (such as diploar or multipolar interactions), competitions between a short-range and a long-range interaction (as in Ising systems or DNA models) or between a long-range interaction and an anisotropy (as in ultrathin magnetic films or magnetic nanoparticles) and finally competitions between interactions of the same range (as in spin glasses).

Each chapter contains a few problems with solutions which provide suitable material for lecturers of mathematics and physics as well as biology courses.
A vast body of references to the original literature make the volume self-contained and ideally suited to master this interdisciplinary field.


Transmission Electron Microscopy: A Textbook for Materials Science (4 Vol set)

Transmission Electron Microscopy: A Textbook for Materials Science (4 Vol set) Lowest new price: $86.41
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Author: David B. Williams

This profusely illustrated text on Transmission Electron Microscopy provides the necessary instructions for successful hands-on application of this versatile materials characterization technique. The new edition also includes an extensive collection of questions for the student, providing approximately 800 self-assessment questions and over 400 questions suitable for homework assignment.

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Introduction to Superconductivity: Second Edition (Dover Books on Physics) (Vol i)

Introduction to Superconductivity: Second Edition (Dover Books on Physics) (Vol i) Lowest new price: $19.74
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Author: Michael Tinkham
Brand: Michael Tinkham

Well known for its accessibility to graduate students and experimental physicists, this volume emphasizes physical arguments and minimizes theoretical formalism. The second edition of this classic text features revisions by the author that improve its user-friendly qualities, and an introductory survey of latter-day developments in classic superconductivity enhances the volume’s value as a reference for researchers. Starting with a historical overview, the text proceeds with an introduction to the electrodynamics of superconductors and presents expositions of the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer theory and the Ginzburg-Landau theory. Additional subjects include magnetic properties of classic type II superconductors; the Josephson effect (both in terms of basic phenomena and applications and of the phenomena unique to small junctions); fluctuation effects in classic superconductors; the high-temperature superconductors; special topics (such as the Bogoliubov method, magnetic perturbations and gapless superconductivity, and time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau theory); and nonequilibrium superconductivity. 1996 edition.

Features:

  • Introduction to Superconductivity Second Edition

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The Quantum World of Ultra-Cold Atoms and Light Book III: Ultra-cold Atoms

The Quantum World of Ultra-Cold Atoms and Light Book III: Ultra-cold Atoms Lowest new price: $155.57
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List price: $178.00
Author: Crispin Gardiner

This century has seen the development of technologies for manipulating and controlling matter and light at the level of individual photons and atoms, a realm in which physics is fully quantum-mechanical. The dominant experimental technology is the laser, and the theoretical paradigm is quantum optics.

The Quantum World of Ultra-Cold Atoms and Light is a trilogy, which presents the quantum optics way of thinking and its applications to quantum devices. This book — "Ultra-Cold Atoms" — provides a theoretical treatment of ultra-cold Bosons and Fermions and their interactions with electromagnetic fields in a form consistent with the first two books in the trilogy.

The central concept is the quantum stochastic paradigm, formulated for cold collision physics. For Bosons, this yields a suite of techniques; versions of the stochastic Gross Pitaevskii equation, using which a wide range of dynamic and thermal properties are formulated.

The eBook editions of the "Quantum World Trilogy" feature an extensive system of hyperlinks for ease of cross reference within the books, as well as links to the other books in the trilogy. In the section Viewing the eBooks we explain how these links work, and give some advice on appropriate pdf viewer applications.

Readership: Researchers and graduate students in the fields of Atomic Physics, Ultra-Cold Atoms, Condensed Matter Physics, Quantum Optics and Quantum Technology.


Troubleshooting Electrical/Electronic Systems

Troubleshooting Electrical/Electronic Systems Lowest new price: $94.00
Lowest used price: $52.00
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Author: Glen A. Mazur

Troubleshooting Electrical/Electronic Systems covers all aspects of troubleshooting electrical and electronic systems. The text/workbook is designed for use in the electrical industry, electrical training programs, and related fields. Each chapter contains electrical and electronic system applications, step-by-step troubleshooting procedures, and hands-on troubleshooting activities that reinforce the concepts presented. An interactive CD-ROM is included.

This third edition includes new and expanded coverage in the following areas:

* Alternative Energy Solutions
* NFPA 70E® requirements
* Motor Nameplate Interpretation

The text/workbook includes a CD-ROM designed for self-study. It includes interactive Quick Quizzes® for each chapter, an Illustrated Glossary, and Reference Material.

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Lie Algebras In Particle Physics: from Isospin To Unified Theories (Frontiers in Physics)

Lie Algebras In Particle Physics: from Isospin To Unified Theories (Frontiers in Physics) Lowest new price: $54.57
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Author: Howard Georgi
Brand: Brand: Westview Press

Howard Georgi is the co-inventor (with Sheldon Glashow) of the SU(5) theory. This extensively revised and updated edition of his classic text makes the theory of Lie groups accessible to graduate students, while offering a perspective on the way in which knowledge of such groups can provide an insight into the development of unified theories of strong, weak, and electromagnetic interactions.

Features:

  • Used Book in Good Condition

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