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Atomic Physics


Beyond Uncertainty: Heisenberg, Quantum Physics, and the Bomb

Beyond Uncertainty: Heisenberg, Quantum Physics, and the Bomb Lowest new price: $12.50
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Author: David C. Cassidy
Brand: Brand: Bellevue Literary Press

“A fascinating, well-documented biography.” —New York Times Book Review

“A monumental effort.” —New York Review of Books

“An excellent piece of science writing. . . . Cassidy does not so much exculpate Heisenberg as explain him, with a transparency that makes this biography a pleasure to read.” —Los Angeles Times

“Cassidy has written the definitive biography of a great and tragic physicist.” —Richard Rhodes, author of the Pulitzer Prize–winning The Making of the Atomic Bomb

Since the fall of the Soviet Union, long-suppressed information has emerged on Werner Heisenberg’s role in the Nazi atomic bomb project. In Beyond Uncertainty, Cassidy interprets this and other previously unknown material within the context of his vast research and tackles the vexing questions of a scientist’s personal responsibility and guilt when serving an abhorrent military regime.

David C. Cassidy is the author of Beyond Uncertainty: Heisenberg, Quantum Physics, and the Bomb; A Short History of Physics in the American Century; J. Robert Oppenheimer and the American Century; and Einstein and Our World. He is the recipient of the Abraham Pais Prize for History of Physics from the American Physical Society, the Science Writing Award from the American Institute of Physics, the Pfizer Award from the History of Science Society, and an honorary doctorate from Purdue University. Dr. Cassidy is Professor of Natural Sciences at Hofstra University and resides in Bay Shore, New York.

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Ludwig Boltzmann: The Man Who Trusted Atoms

Ludwig Boltzmann: The Man Who Trusted Atoms Lowest new price: $46.08
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Author: Carlo Cercignani

Ludwig Boltzmann arguably played the key role in establishing that submicroscopic structures underlie the ordinary world. He had a tremendous impact on late 19th-century and early 20th-century physics, and he anticipated many contemporary ideas, including Kuhn's theory of scientific revolutions and recent theories of knowledge based on Darwinian principles. This book is the first accessible biography of this important figure. Without relying on equations, it provides a deep look at the full range of his scientific and philosophical ideas, discussing both their original context and their relevance today. The book also gives a concise portrait of Boltzmann's life, which, despite his successes, ended tragically in suicide. Drawing on recent research related to some of Boltzmann's more controversial ideas, this book offers fascinating insights into the birth of modern physics.

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Introduction to Quantum Theory and Atomic Structure (Oxford Chemistry Primers)

Introduction to Quantum Theory and Atomic Structure (Oxford Chemistry Primers) Lowest new price: $25.60
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Author: P. A. Cox

Chemistry students need a basic understanding of quantum theory and its applications in atomic and molecularstructure and spectroscopy. This book develops the basic concepts needed as background, and discusses atomic structure but not molecular applications. The first two chapters are concerned with the basic ideas and problems of wave-particle duality, the nature of wavefunction, and its statistical interpretation. Chapter 3 discusses some important applications of Schrodinger's equation to chemically relevant situations. Chapters 4 and 5 deal respectively with the hydrogen atom, and with the structure of many electron atoms and the periodic table of elements. The emphasis throughout is on the physical concepts and their concrete application. The required background in mathematics is elementary calculus and the properties of trigonometric and exponential functions, but not complex numbers. Necessary concepts of classical physics are developed as required.

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Why the Universe Exists: How particle physics unlocks the secrets of everything (Instant Expert)

Why the Universe Exists: How particle physics unlocks the secrets of everything (Instant Expert) Lowest new price: $12.60
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Author: New Scientist


WHY IS THERE ALWAYS SOMETHING RATHER THAN NOTHING?

As you read this, billions of neutrinos from the sun are passing through your body, antimatter is sprouting from your dinner and the core of your being is a chaotic mess of particles known only as quarks and gluons.


Following the recent discovery of the Higgs Boson, Why The Universe Exists takes you deeper into the world of particle physics, exploring how the universe functions at the smallest scales.


Find out about the hunt for dark matter, discover how accelerators such as the Large Hadron Collider are rewinding time to the first moments after the big bang, and learn how ghostly neutrino particles may hold the answers to the greatest mysteries of the universe.

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Briefest History Of Time, The: The History Of Histories Of Time And The Misconstrued Association Between Entropy And Time

Briefest History Of Time, The: The History Of Histories Of Time And The Misconstrued Association Between Entropy And Time Lowest new price: $22.07
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Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Brand: Ingramcontent

The aim of this book is to explain in simple language what we know about time and about the history of time. It is shown that the briefest (as well as the lengthiest) history of time can be described in one or two pages.The second purpose of the book is to show that neither entropy, nor the Second Law of Thermodynamics has anything to do with time. The third purpose is to educate the lay reader how to read popular science books, critically. Towards this goal, detailed reviews of four books on time are presented.There are many popular science books on Time, on the beginning of Time and the end of Time. This book is unique in the following two senses: It explains in simple terms what Time is, and why it is not related to entropy It critically reviews a few popular science books which perpetuate all kinds of unfounded ideas about the relationship between Time and the Second Law

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  • Briefest History of Time The The History of Histories of Time and the Misconstrued Association Between Entropy and Time

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Elementary Atomic Structure

Elementary Atomic Structure Lowest new price: $51.01
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Author: G. K. Woodgate
Brand: G K Woodgate

Elementary Atomic Structure

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The End of the Certain World: The Life and Science of Max Born

The End of the Certain World: The Life and Science of Max Born Lowest new price: $23.90
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Author: Nancy Thorndike Greenspan
Brand: Brand: Basic Books

In 1920, Albert Einstein wrote to Max Born, “Theoretical physics will flourish wherever you happen to be; there is no other Born to be found in Germany today.” The End of the Certain World presents for the first time Born's full story: Nobel physicist, a discoverer of quantum theory, exile from Hitler's Germany, teacher of nine Nobel physicists. Born's role in the “Golden Age of Physics” helped to shape the science of the twentieth century and open the door to the modern era. Robert Oppenheimer, Edward Teller, and Eugene Wigner, among others, flocked to Göttingen, Germany in the 1920's to work with Born, the physicist who had discovered one of the most profound principles of the century - the physics of indeterminacy. In a cruel twist of fate Born, a pacifist who loved science for its beauty, had educated these renowned scientists who developed the atom bomb. Not everyone embraced Born's revolutionary quantum principle. Throughout much of his forty year friendship with Einstein, the two debated the nature of the universe - deterministic versus non-deterministic - with Einstein declaring “God does not play dice”, even though the Nobel Committee supported Born's position when they awarded him the 1954 Prize. A social history and a history of science as well as an intimate biography, The End of the Certain World reveals the story of a great physicist and humanitarian and his struggle with the forces of religion, politics, and war during the upheavals of the twentieth century.

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Atoms, Electrons, and Change: A Scientific American Library Book

Atoms, Electrons, and Change: A Scientific American Library Book Lowest new price: $7.15
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Author: P. W. Atkins
Brand: Freeman

A century and a half ago the pioneering physicist and chemist Michael Faraday delivered a celebrated series of lectures that attempted to explain the inner workings of matter through the chemical history of a candle. "There is no better, there is no more open door by which you can enter into the study of natural philosophy", Faraday told his audience. Now the distinguished chemist P.W. Atkins follows in Faraday's footsteps, using his predecessor's deceptively simple theme to show how far we have come in understanding the remarkable chemical reactions that govern everything from how candles burn to how life functions. While Faraday could say little more than that a chemical reaction changes a substance's appearance and properties, chemists today understand reactions in terms of the rearrangement of atoms and electrons. Atkins - tracing the course of a carbon atom released by a flaming candle - explores the complex forces that operate at the atomic and sub atomic levels to drive these rearrangements.

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Einstein and Oppenheimer: The Meaning of Genius

Einstein and Oppenheimer: The Meaning of Genius Lowest new price: $18.40
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Author: Silvan S. Schweber
Brand: Brand: Harvard University Press

Albert Einstein and J. Robert Oppenheimer, two iconic scientists of the twentieth century, belonged to different generations, with the boundary marked by the advent of quantum mechanics. By exploring how these men differed—in their worldview, in their work, and in their day—this book provides powerful insights into the lives of two critical figures and into the scientific culture of their times. In Einstein’s and Oppenheimer’s philosophical and ethical positions, their views of nuclear weapons, their ethnic and cultural commitments, their opinions on the unification of physics, even the role of Buddhist detachment in their thinking, the book traces the broader issues that have shaped science and the world.

Einstein is invariably seen as a lone and singular genius, while Oppenheimer is generally viewed in a particular scientific, political, and historical context. Silvan Schweber considers the circumstances behind this perception, in Einstein’s coherent and consistent self-image, and its relation to his singular vision of the world, and in Oppenheimer’s contrasting lack of certainty and related non-belief in a unitary, ultimate theory. Of greater importance, perhaps, is the role that timing and chance seem to have played in the two scientists’ contrasting characters and accomplishments—with Einstein’s having the advantage of maturing at a propitious time for theoretical physics, when the Newtonian framework was showing weaknesses.

Bringing to light little-examined aspects of these lives, Schweber expands our understanding of two great figures of twentieth-century physics—but also our sense of what such greatness means, in personal, scientific, and cultural terms.

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The Plutonium Story: The Journals of Professor Glenn T. Seaborg 1939-1946

The Plutonium Story: The Journals of Professor Glenn T. Seaborg 1939-1946 Lowest new price: $84.23
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Author: Glenn T. Seaborg

This book chronicles on a day-to-day basis the astounding story of the discovery of plutonium and the feverish activities to unlock its secrets and enhance its productivity to the levels necessary for the building of an atomic bomb in World War II by its discoverer, Professor Glenn T. Seaborg. Seaborg, who shared the 1951 nobel Prize in Chemistry with his colleague Edwin T. McMillan, was a meticulous diarist whose detailed records of thousands of pages have been edited and supplied with accompanying notes by a trio consisting of a professional scientist with a strong interest in history and two professional historians of science. The work provides not only the step by step description of the scientific activities and the thought processes of Seaborg and his team throughout the war years, but also gives keen insight into the operation of the Manhattan District and of the scientists who played an important role in its functions. Virtually all of the players are identified in the annotations, which also serve to explain the significance of key events and findings as well as obscure or arcane scientific procedures.
The professional chemist or nuclear scientist will find this an exciting and compelling saga of a great scientific discovery, carried out in a bygone era of unfettered and productive science that is not likely to occur again. The copious annotations and identifications not only add to the story, but make this a vital and necessary reading and reference source not only for the historian of science, but for those interested in the behind the scenes history of World War II and the Manhattan District.

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