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Atomic Physics


Einstein's Unification

Einstein's Unification Lowest new price: $105.44
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Author: Jeroen van van Dongen
Brand: Brand: Cambridge University Press

Why did Einstein tirelessly study unified field theory for more than 30 years? In this book, the author argues that Einstein believed he could find a unified theory of all of nature's forces by repeating the methods he thought he had used when he formulated general relativity. The book discusses Einstein's route to the general theory of relativity, focusing on the philosophical lessons that he learnt. It then addresses his quest for a unified theory for electromagnetism and gravity, discussing in detail his efforts with Kaluza-Klein and, surprisingly, the theory of spinors. From these perspectives, Einstein's critical stance towards the quantum theory comes to stand in a new light. This book will be of interest to physicists, historians and philosophers of science.

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Fractal Concepts in Surface Growth

Fractal Concepts in Surface Growth Lowest new price: $59.32
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Author: Albert-Laszlo Barabasi
Brand: Cambridge University Press

Fractals and surfaces are two of the most widely-studied areas of modern physics. In fact, most surfaces in nature are fractals. In this book, Drs. Barabási and Stanley explain how fractals can be successfully used to describe and predict the morphology of surface growth. The authors begin by presenting basic growth models and the principles used to develop them. They next demonstrate how models can be used to answer specific questions about surface roughness. In the second half of the book, they discuss in detail two classes of phenomena: fluid flow in porous media and molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). In each case, the authors review the model and analytical approach, and present experimental results. This book is the first attempt to unite the subjects of fractals and surfaces, and it will appeal to advanced undergraduate and graduate students in condensed matter physics and statistical mechanics. Because of the technological importance of MBE, it will also be of interest to scientists, particularly materials scientists, working in industry and research. Interested readers may view a sample chapter by contacting our web site at http://www.cup.org/onlinepubs/Fractals/fracts1.html.

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The Atom in the History of Human Thought

The Atom in the History of Human Thought Lowest new price: $57.16
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Author: Bernard Pullman

The concept of the atom is very near scientific bedrock, touching first causes, fundamental principles, our conception of the nature of reality. This book is a translation from the French of a history of atomic thought and theory, from ancient Greece to the present day. Pullman grounds his coverage of scientific theory always in the religious and philosophical context of the times, covering the whole period of Western civilization, including in passing the major scientific philosophies of the Muslim world and India. The transition of atomism from a philosophical position to an experimental science, in the mid-19th century, is well handled, and the coverage is nicely rounded out by a treatment of the first visual proof of atoms' material existence by direct microscopic imaging of individual atoms, about ten years ago.

What's the matter? This was no trivial question for Democritus, generally considered the father of the atom. Like his fellow philosophers in ancient Greece, he was gravely concerned with discovering the nature of the universe through reason and argument, and hence wanted to understand the basic composition of material things. His postulate, that there are minuscule, indivisible units of matter, was revolutionary and resisted by many scientists until the early 20th century.

The late Dr. Bernard Pullman, former professor of quantum chemistry at the Sorbonne, presents a challenging, broad-ranging history of this seemingly simple idea in The Atom in the History of Human Thought. The language is remarkably clear, thanks in part to the translation of Axel Reisinger; there are no awkward phrasings or unfamiliar idioms to puzzle the reader. Instead we are told the life story of an idea, one so basic to our modern understanding of the world as to seem almost obvious.

But, as Pullman shows us, it was not only resisted but actively suppressed for centuries. From the often-bizarre notions of the ancients (could the universe really be made only of water?) to the equally bizarre concepts of modern atomic theory (is your chair really composed almost entirely of empty space?), with occasional forays into the science of the Islamic and Hindu worlds, he shows many attempts to answer the most fundamental question in science and philosophy. With such a long and controversial history, it's little wonder that we still haven't set matter straight. --Rob Lightner


Einstein and Oppenheimer: The Meaning of Genius

Einstein and Oppenheimer: The Meaning of Genius Lowest new price: $26.04
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Author: Silvan S. Schweber
Brand: Brand: Harvard University Press

Albert Einstein and J. Robert Oppenheimer, two iconic scientists of the twentieth century, belonged to different generations, with the boundary marked by the advent of quantum mechanics. By exploring how these men differed—in their worldview, in their work, and in their day—this book provides powerful insights into the lives of two critical figures and into the scientific culture of their times. In Einstein’s and Oppenheimer’s philosophical and ethical positions, their views of nuclear weapons, their ethnic and cultural commitments, their opinions on the unification of physics, even the role of Buddhist detachment in their thinking, the book traces the broader issues that have shaped science and the world.

Einstein is invariably seen as a lone and singular genius, while Oppenheimer is generally viewed in a particular scientific, political, and historical context. Silvan Schweber considers the circumstances behind this perception, in Einstein’s coherent and consistent self-image, and its relation to his singular vision of the world, and in Oppenheimer’s contrasting lack of certainty and related non-belief in a unitary, ultimate theory. Of greater importance, perhaps, is the role that timing and chance seem to have played in the two scientists’ contrasting characters and accomplishments—with Einstein’s having the advantage of maturing at a propitious time for theoretical physics, when the Newtonian framework was showing weaknesses.

Bringing to light little-examined aspects of these lives, Schweber expands our understanding of two great figures of twentieth-century physics—but also our sense of what such greatness means, in personal, scientific, and cultural terms.

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Atomic, Molecular, & Optical Physics Handbook

Atomic, Molecular, & Optical Physics Handbook Lowest new price: $42.00
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Here is the first single volume to bridge the many interrelated disciplines of atomic, molecular, and optical physics (AMOP). An invaluable ready reference for many scientists, the Atomic, Molecular, & Optical Physics Handbook offers a broad compendium of key AMOP ideas, formulae, techniques, and results.
To ensure that this ambitious publication covers the most important areas for scientists today, the editor first surveyed members of The American Physical Society's Division of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics and other leading researchers. Editor Gordon W. F. Drake and an eleven-member Editorial Board arranged the topics by subject and assigned experts to write individual chapters.
Over 100 authors, all leaders in their respective disciplines, contributed. The AMOP Handbook's 88 chapters are divided into seven broad areas: mathematical methods, molecules, scattering experiment, applications, atoms, scattering theory, and quantum optics.
Chapters are extensively cross-referenced to bring out important relationships in different disciplines. They also feature helpful diagrams of apparatus, graphical presentations of data, and tabular material. A comprehensive index of over 4,300 entries makes it easy to find information on any topic.
Physicists, engineers, teachers, and students will find the AMOP Handbook to be both an authoritative resource and an essential guide to the field.


Introduction to Quantum Theory and Atomic Structure (Oxford Chemistry Primers)

Introduction to Quantum Theory and Atomic Structure (Oxford Chemistry Primers) Lowest new price: $23.66
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Author: P. A. Cox

Chemistry students need a basic understanding of quantum theory and its applications in atomic and molecularstructure and spectroscopy. This book develops the basic concepts needed as background, and discusses atomic structure but not molecular applications. The first two chapters are concerned with the basic ideas and problems of wave-particle duality, the nature of wavefunction, and its statistical interpretation. Chapter 3 discusses some important applications of Schrodinger's equation to chemically relevant situations. Chapters 4 and 5 deal respectively with the hydrogen atom, and with the structure of many electron atoms and the periodic table of elements. The emphasis throughout is on the physical concepts and their concrete application. The required background in mathematics is elementary calculus and the properties of trigonometric and exponential functions, but not complex numbers. Necessary concepts of classical physics are developed as required.

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Problems and Solutions on Atomic, Nuclear and Particle Physics: Major American Universities Ph.D. Qualifying Questions and Solutions

Problems and Solutions on Atomic, Nuclear and Particle Physics: Major American Universities Ph.D. Qualifying Questions and Solutions Lowest new price: $69.71
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This book, part of the seven-volume series Major American Universities PhD Qualifying Questions and Solutions contains detailed solutions to 483 questions/problems on atomic, molecular, nuclear and particle physics, as well as experimental methodology. The problems are of a standard appropriate to advanced undergraduate and graduate syllabi, and blend together two objectives — understanding of physical principles and practical application. The volume is an invaluable supplement to textbooks.

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001: Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature (The Philosophical Writings of Niels Bohr, Vol. 1)

001: Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature (The Philosophical Writings of Niels Bohr, Vol. 1) Lowest new price: $140.55
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Author: Niels Bohr


Physics of Atoms and Ions (Graduate Texts in Contemporary Physics)

Physics of Atoms and Ions (Graduate Texts in Contemporary Physics) Lowest new price: $32.31
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Author: Boris M. Smirnov

Intended for advanced students of physics, chemistry and related disciplines, this text treats the quantum theory of atoms and ions within the framework of self-consistent fields. Data needed for the analysis of collisions and other atomic processes are also included.


Electric-Dipole Polarizabilities Of Atoms, Molecules, And Clusters

Electric-Dipole Polarizabilities Of Atoms, Molecules, And Clusters Lowest new price: $56.00
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Author: Keith D Bonin

This book is an in-depth review of experiment and theory on electric-dipole polarizabilities. It is broad in scope, encompassing atomic, molecular, and cluster polarizabilities. Both static and dynamic polarizabilities are treated (in the absence of absorption) and a full tensor picture of the polarizability is used. Traditional experimental techniques for measuring electric polarizabilities are described in detail. Recently developed experimental methods, including light forces, position-sensitive time-of-flight deflection, and atom interferometry, are also extensively discussed. Theoretical techniques for calculating polarizabilities are reviewed, including a discussion on the use of Gaussian basis sets. Many important comparisons between theory and experiment are summarized in an extensive set of tables of polarizabilities of important atoms, molecules, and clusters. Applications of polarizabilities to many areas of chemistry and physics are described, including optics, chemical structure, interactions of gases and particles with surfaces, and the interaction of molecules with light. The emphasis is on a lucid presentation of the ideas and results with up-to-date discussions on important applications such as optical tweezers and nanostructure fabrication. This book provides an excellent overview of the importance of polarizabilities in understanding the physical, electronic, and optical properties of particles in a regime that goes from free atoms to condensed-phase clusters.


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