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Atomic Physics


Einstein and Oppenheimer: The Meaning of Genius

Einstein and Oppenheimer: The Meaning of Genius Lowest new price: $18.40
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Author: Silvan S. Schweber
Brand: Brand: Harvard University Press

Albert Einstein and J. Robert Oppenheimer, two iconic scientists of the twentieth century, belonged to different generations, with the boundary marked by the advent of quantum mechanics. By exploring how these men differed—in their worldview, in their work, and in their day—this book provides powerful insights into the lives of two critical figures and into the scientific culture of their times. In Einstein’s and Oppenheimer’s philosophical and ethical positions, their views of nuclear weapons, their ethnic and cultural commitments, their opinions on the unification of physics, even the role of Buddhist detachment in their thinking, the book traces the broader issues that have shaped science and the world.

Einstein is invariably seen as a lone and singular genius, while Oppenheimer is generally viewed in a particular scientific, political, and historical context. Silvan Schweber considers the circumstances behind this perception, in Einstein’s coherent and consistent self-image, and its relation to his singular vision of the world, and in Oppenheimer’s contrasting lack of certainty and related non-belief in a unitary, ultimate theory. Of greater importance, perhaps, is the role that timing and chance seem to have played in the two scientists’ contrasting characters and accomplishments—with Einstein’s having the advantage of maturing at a propitious time for theoretical physics, when the Newtonian framework was showing weaknesses.

Bringing to light little-examined aspects of these lives, Schweber expands our understanding of two great figures of twentieth-century physics—but also our sense of what such greatness means, in personal, scientific, and cultural terms.

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Problems and Solutions on Atomic, Nuclear and Particle Physics: Major American Universities Ph.D. Qualifying Questions and Solutions

Problems and Solutions on Atomic, Nuclear and Particle Physics: Major American Universities Ph.D. Qualifying Questions and Solutions Lowest new price: $69.90
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This book, part of the seven-volume series Major American Universities PhD Qualifying Questions and Solutions contains detailed solutions to 483 questions/problems on atomic, molecular, nuclear and particle physics, as well as experimental methodology. The problems are of a standard appropriate to advanced undergraduate and graduate syllabi, and blend together two objectives — understanding of physical principles and practical application. The volume is an invaluable supplement to textbooks.

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Fractal Concepts in Surface Growth

Fractal Concepts in Surface Growth Lowest new price: $52.91
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Author: Albert-Laszlo Barabasi
Brand: Cambridge University Press

Fractals and surfaces are two of the most widely-studied areas of modern physics. In fact, most surfaces in nature are fractals. In this book, Drs. Barabási and Stanley explain how fractals can be successfully used to describe and predict the morphology of surface growth. The authors begin by presenting basic growth models and the principles used to develop them. They next demonstrate how models can be used to answer specific questions about surface roughness. In the second half of the book, they discuss in detail two classes of phenomena: fluid flow in porous media and molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). In each case, the authors review the model and analytical approach, and present experimental results. This book is the first attempt to unite the subjects of fractals and surfaces, and it will appeal to advanced undergraduate and graduate students in condensed matter physics and statistical mechanics. Because of the technological importance of MBE, it will also be of interest to scientists, particularly materials scientists, working in industry and research. Interested readers may view a sample chapter by contacting our web site at http://www.cup.org/onlinepubs/Fractals/fracts1.html.

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Computational Atomic Structure: An MCHF Approach

Computational Atomic Structure: An MCHF Approach Lowest new price: $24.90
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Author: Charlotte Froese-Fischer
Brand: Brand: CRC Press

Computational Atomic Structure: An MCHF Approach deals with the field of computational atomic structure, specifically with the multiconfiguration Hartree-Fock (MCHF) approach and the manner in which this approach is used in modern physics. Beginning with an introduction to computational algorithms and procedures for atomic physics, the book describes the theory underlying nonrelativistic atomic structure calculations (making use of Brett-Pauli corrections for relativistic effects) and details how the MCHF atomic structure software package can be used to this end. The book concludes with a treatment of atomic properties, such as energy levels, electron affinities, transition probabilities, specific mass shift, fine structure, hyperfine-structure, and autoionization. This modern, reliable exposition of atomic structure theory proves invaluable to anyone looking to make use of the authors' MCHF atomic structure software package, which is available publicly via the Internet.

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Atomic, Molecular, & Optical Physics Handbook

Atomic, Molecular, & Optical Physics Handbook Lowest new price: $42.00
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Here is the first single volume to bridge the many interrelated disciplines of atomic, molecular, and optical physics (AMOP). An invaluable ready reference for many scientists, the Atomic, Molecular, & Optical Physics Handbook offers a broad compendium of key AMOP ideas, formulae, techniques, and results.
To ensure that this ambitious publication covers the most important areas for scientists today, the editor first surveyed members of The American Physical Society's Division of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics and other leading researchers. Editor Gordon W. F. Drake and an eleven-member Editorial Board arranged the topics by subject and assigned experts to write individual chapters.
Over 100 authors, all leaders in their respective disciplines, contributed. The AMOP Handbook's 88 chapters are divided into seven broad areas: mathematical methods, molecules, scattering experiment, applications, atoms, scattering theory, and quantum optics.
Chapters are extensively cross-referenced to bring out important relationships in different disciplines. They also feature helpful diagrams of apparatus, graphical presentations of data, and tabular material. A comprehensive index of over 4,300 entries makes it easy to find information on any topic.
Physicists, engineers, teachers, and students will find the AMOP Handbook to be both an authoritative resource and an essential guide to the field.


Novel Methods to Study Interfacial Layers, Volume 11 (Studies in Interface Science)

Novel Methods to Study Interfacial Layers, Volume 11 (Studies in Interface Science) Lowest new price: $72.94
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Author: D. Moebius

This book presents a number of selected papers given at the LB9 conference, held in Potsdam, Germany, in August 2000. It is dedicated to new techniques and methodologies for studying interfacial layers. One group of manuscripts deals with the application of surface plasmons at solid interfaces, used for example in resonance spectroscopy and light scattering. New applications of various types of Atomic Force Microscopy are reported making use of various modifications of tips. A number of chapters are dedicated to light emitting diodes built with the help of LB layers. The aim of these studies is the improvement of efficiency. Electrochemical methods were described as tools for developing sensors, in particular miniaturised pH or gas sensors.

The application of synchrotron X-ray and NMR techniques have been described in detail in two extended chapters. It is demonstrated how molecular information can be detected by these methods for various types of interfacial layers.

This monograph, along with 130 papers that have been submitted for publication in the special issues of relevant journals, represent the proceedings of the LBP conference.


Quantum Theory of Matter: A Novel Introduction

Quantum Theory of Matter: A Novel Introduction Lowest new price: $29.00
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Author: A. Modinos

With a minimum of mathematics, this book provides a novel approach to the teaching of quantum mechanics. As many books mainly present the concepts of quantum theory, this volume emphasises the application of the theory, offering the reader a unifying picture of atoms, molecules and solids. Essential for all undergraduate physics courses, it will also be a most valuable supplementary text for postgraduate courses on quantum mechanics.


Quantum World Of Ultra-Cold Atoms And Light, The - Book I: Foundations Of Quantum Optics

Quantum World Of Ultra-Cold Atoms And Light, The - Book I: Foundations Of Quantum Optics Lowest new price: $63.70
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Author: Crispin W Gardiner

This century has seen the development of technologies for manipulating and controlling matter and light at the level of individual photons and atoms, a realm in which physics is fully quantum mechanical. The dominant experimental technology is the laser, and the theoretical paradigm is quantum optics. The Quantum World of Ultra-Cold Atoms and Light is a trilogy, which presents the quantum optics way of thinking and its applications to quantum devices. This book - Foundations of Quantum Optics - provides an introductory text on the theoretical techniques of quantum optics, containing the elements of what one needs to teach, learn, and “think” about quantum optics. There is a particular emphasis on the classical and quantum stochastic methods which have come to dominate the field. Book Ii will cover applications to quantum devices, such as quantum computers and simulators, and will include the more advanced techniques necessary to describe non-classical light fields. Book Iii will cover the field of ultra-cold atoms, for which the quantum-optical paradigm has proved to be highly applicable for quantitative work. For more information, please visit: http://www.icpress.co.uk/quantum-world-of-ultra-cold-atoms-and-light.html

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Superheavy Elements,

Superheavy Elements, Lowest new price: $59.94
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Author: Krishna Kumar
Brand: Brand: Taylor Francis

Superheavy Elements provides a review of the experimental and theoretical investigations of superheavy elements, especially their nuclear aspects. This topic is crucial for the further development of nuclear physics since the currently available data are unable to distinguish between several conflicting models, while predictions for the lifetimes of the most stable superheavy elements vary by as much as nine orders of magnitude. Superheavy Elements also presents many new theoretical aspects and predictions of the Dynamic Deformation Model, developed by the author during the past thirty years. Although many structure related predictions of this model have already been verified experimentally, those concerning fission and alpha-decay (which is for the first time treated as a highly asymmetric fission channel), kinetic shell-correction (a new concept introduced in this book), and superheavy elements await future experimental tests. Specific heavy-ion fusion experiments, which may lead to the discovery of superheavy elements, are suggested. The complicated formalism of the Time-dependent mean field theory utilized for a microscopic description of the nuclear many-body problem has been kept to a minimum, while the main physical concepts and connections with several well-known methods have been emphasized. Hence, this book will appeal to researchers in nuclear physics and chemistry, but the main points can be appreciated by anyone who is excited by the possibility of the discovery of a whole new region of quasi-stable elements with half-lives as large as a thousand years according to the new predictions.

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In the Shadow of the Bomb: Physics and Arms Control (Masters of Modern Physics)

In the Shadow of the Bomb: Physics and Arms Control (Masters of Modern Physics) Lowest new price: $2.99
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Author: Sidney D. Drell
Brand: Brand: Amer Inst of Physics

Subtitled, An Insider's Look at the Rise and Fall of the Nuclear Threat, collects articles presented or published by Drell on physics, physicists, Andrei Sakharov, the Cold War years, deterrence and arms control, Star Wars and scientists, progress, and prospects after the Cold War. Drell, deputy director of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center and a past president of the American Physical Society, has long been active in international arms control issues, science policy, and human rights. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.

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