|Introductory Nuclear Reactor Dynamics
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Author: Karl O. Ott
This textbook presents the theory and methods of prediction that are the heart of nuclear reactor safety. Time-dependent reactor behavior is explained in both mathematical and physical terms. This book also explains the logic behind the working formulas and calculational methods for reactor transients and illustrates typical dynamic responses. The classical concept of point kinetics is developed in three steps, with discussion of various solutions to kinetics problems. Each chapter includes homework problems and review questions.
|The Fusion Quest
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Author: Professor T. Kenneth Fowler
Brand: Brand: The Johns Hopkins University Press
A few minutes before midnight on December 9, 1993, a group of scientists at the Princeton University Plasma Physics Laboratory produced the first definitive demonstration of controlled fusion energy. Within the confines of a doughnut-shaped device known as TFTR, a plasma consisting of equal parts tritium and deuterium was superheated by atomic beams--producing a second-long burst of energy that peaked at three million watts. For a brief instant, the power of the Sun had been captured on Earth.
In The Fusion Quest, T. Kenneth Fowler offers a vivid and colorful insider's account of the decades-long search for fusion power--a potentially abundant and environmentally "clean" energy source that could sustain industrial society in the twenty-first century and beyond. Scientists have known for more than sixty years that nuclear fusion powers the sun and stars. But would it work on Earth? To help answer this question, Fowler explains the physical principles on which fusion is based, describes the experiments that have led to the present state of the art, and shows how all these considerations would affect the design of possible fusion-based nuclear power plants.
Fowler describes magnets nearly as cold as outer space surrounding miniature "stars" hotter than the sun; lasers that for the merest split-second produce a blinding flash more powerful than every light bulb in America turned on at once. And he recounts the exciting discoveries of classical physics from Newton to Einstein, from Faraday to Lorentz, that provide the foundation of fusion science today. Ultimately, The Fusion Quest offers an informative and timely look at fusion's potential to provide an environmentally acceptable new energy source in a future more vulnerable to energy shortages and pollution than many of us realize.
Fusion as a source of energy has been a long-sought but never-achieved dream of the scientific establishment. The idea sounds simple enough: create cheap, limitless energy by the same processes that fuel the sun. The problem, however, is scale: how to reproduce the continual fusion of hydrogen atom nuclei in a reactor that is much, much smaller than the sun. This is the puzzle T. Kenneth Fowler describes in Fusion Quest, a book that argues passionately in favor of continued fusion research. Though there has yet been little success in the field, Fowler insists that so much progress has been made that fusion power will likely be possible within the next century. He spends most of the book explaining the challenges that face physicists in realizing this dream. The Fusion Quest is more technical than the average popular science book and will probably appeal more to those readers who have some background in physics and mathematics.
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|Fire from Ice: Searching for the Truth Behind the Cold Fusion Furor (Wiley Science Editions)
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Author: Eugene J. Mallove
Discusses the furor over the announcement that scientists had succeeded in producing controlled nuclear fusion at ordinary temperatures, describes the further research that has been done, and argues that cold fusion may still eventually be perfected
|Laser Spectroscopy: XII International Conference : Island of Capri, Italy June 11-16, 1995 (Capri, Italy, 11-16 June 1995)
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Brand: Brand: World Scientific Publishing Company
Our understanding of the physical world was revolutionized in the twentieth century - the era of "modern physics". Two books by the second author entitled Introduction to Modern Physics: Theoretical Foundations and Advanced Modern Physics: Theoretical Foundations, aimed at the very best students, present the foundations and frontiers of today's physics. Many problems are included in these texts. A previous book by the current authors provides solutions to the over 175 problems in the first volume.A third volume Topics in Modern Physics: Theoretical Foundations has recently appeared, which covers several subjects omitted in the essentially linear progression in the previous two. This book has three parts: part 1 is on quantum mechanics, part 2 is on applications of quantum mechanics, and part 3 covers some selected topics in relativistic quantum field theory. Parts 1 and 2 follow naturally from the initial volume. The present book provides solutions to the over 135 problems in this third volume.The three volumes in this series, together with the solutions manuals, provide a clear, logical, self-contained, and comprehensive base from which students can learn modern physics. When finished, readers should have an elementary working knowledge in the principal areas of theoretical physics of the twentieth century.
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|Plasma Confinement (Frontiers in Physics)
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Author: James D. Meiss
Detailed and authoritative, this volume examines the essential physics underlying international research in magnetic confinement fusion. It offers readable, thorough accounts of the fundamental concepts behind methods of confining plasma at or near thermonuclear conditions.
Starting with a review of fundamentals (including considerations of tensor calculus, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics, Maxwell-Lorentz equations, and charged particle motion), the text surveys four decades of controlled fusion research, with a focus on more recent concepts that have extended the understanding of confinement. Subjects include confined plasma equilibrium, kinetic description of a magnetized plasma, coulomb collisions, fluid description of magnetized plasma, stability of confined plasmas, collisional transport, and nonlinear processes.
Designed for a one- or two-semester graduate-level course in plasma physics, it also represents a valuable reference for professional physicists in controlled fusion and related disciplines.
|Controlled Nuclear Chain Reaction: The First 50 Years
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Author: No Author Stated
Brand: Brand: Amer Nuclear Society
It's been 50 years since the Chicago Pile experiment and the first controlled chain reaction. Anonymous volunteer contributors from the ANS have put together this history, which ends with a celebration of the future of nuclear power (but does not talk of what to do with radioactive waste). Lacks an index. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.
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|British Scientists and the Manhattan Project: The Los Alamos Years
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Author: NA NA
Brand: Ferenc Morton Szasz
During World War 2, President Franklin D.Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill pooled their nations' resources in the desperate race to beat the Germans to the secret of the atomic bomb. This book tells the story of the British scientists who journeyed to Los Alamos, New Mexico, to help develop the world's first nuclear weapons. The contributions of the British Mission to Los Alamos, which have been largely overlooked, were vital to the completion of the project. In addition, the two dozen scientists who collaborated with their American and Canadian allies were to have a profound effect on the post-War world, helping to shape the nuclear programs of the United States, Great Britain and, more controversially, the USSR.
- British Scientists And The Manhattan Project
|Nuclear Fission and Fission-Product Spectroscopy: Second International Workshop (AIP Conference Proceedings) (v. 447)
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The proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Nuclear Fission and Fission-Product Spectroscopy summarize the experimental work done recently in the field of nuclear fission and in the investigation of the structure of the fission products. As an important technological aspect of nuclear fission, experimental work on transmutation and disposal of nuclear waste was included in the conference topics. The workshop brought together the specialists in the field to overview the situation and to assess our present understanding of the fission process. It is curious that the experimental situation in low energy fission still improved considerably in the past few years. Comprehensive studies of the fine structure in mass and charge yields and in kinetic energy distributions, systematic investigations of far asymmetric, ternary, and spontaneous fission, and low energy fission experiments carried out at acclerator based facilities brought new essential information on this fascinating physical process. None of the phenomena discovered in recent years anticipated by fission theories, neither the sizable fine structure observed in fission observables, nor the smoothly but rapidly changing behavior of nuclear charge and mass for the regions below Thorium and above Fermium.
|Inertial Confinement Fusion: The Quest for Ignition and Energy Gain Using Indrect Drive (AIP-Press)
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Author: John Lindl
The energy that can, in principle, be obtained from the fusion of hydrogen (actually deuterium) in seawater would provide an energy many orders of magnitude greater than that in all fossil fuels combined. Unfortunately, harnessing fusion for commercial power production has proven elusive. One approach is based on trying to scale down thermonuclear explosions to a sufficiently small size that can be routinely used in a power plant. In such a process the inertia of the fuel itself provides the confinement necessary to maintain the thermonuclear reaction for long enough for more energy to be produced than was needed to start the reaction: hence the name Inertial-Confinement Fusion.
|Nuclear Fusion: Half a Century of Magnetic Confinement Fusion Research (SERIES ON PLASMA PHYSICS)
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Author: C.M. Braams
Brand: Brand: CRC Press
Fusion research started over half a century ago. Although the task remains unfinished, the end of the road could be in sight if society makes the right decisions. Nuclear Fusion: Half a Century of Magnetic Confinement Fusion Research is a careful, scholarly account of the course of fusion energy research over the past fifty years. The authors outline the different paths followed by fusion research from initial ignorance to present understanding. They explore why a particular scheme would not work and why it was more profitable to concentrate on the mainstream tokamak development. The book features descriptive sections, in-depth explanations of certain physical and technical issues, scientific terms, and an extensive glossary that explains relevant abbreviations and acronyms.
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