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Fusion & Fission


Fusion: A Voyage Through the Plasma Universe (Plasma Physics Series)

Fusion: A Voyage Through the Plasma Universe (Plasma Physics Series) Lowest new price: $24.95
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Author: Hans Wilhelmsson
Brand: Brand: CRC Press

Journeying through fusion in the universe, Fusion: A Voyage Through the Plasma Universe discusses all aspects of fusion and how they relate to our universe. It also studies the attempts to produce fusion energy on Earth. The book addresses a wide range of topics from stars, galaxies, comets, pulsars, black holes, and quasars to the auroras, lightning, and fluorescent tubes.

Interestingly, the author explores how artists and authors like Vincent van Gogh, Leonardo da Vinci, and Hannes Alfvén have been fascinated by cosmic phenomena that rely on fusion and plasmas. He discusses motions in plasma, such as flames, waves, and whirls similar to those that occur in water.

The book also examines several other branches of science where parallels can be found with fusion plasmas, including ecological systems that provide only very short-term weather forecasts and the dramatic changes in the world economy with its explosive tendencies and sometimes catastrophic results. It briefly shows how these nonlinear phenomena are at the heart of modern fusion plasma theory.

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British Scientists and the Manhattan Project: The Los Alamos Years

British Scientists and the Manhattan Project: The Los Alamos Years Lowest new price: $88.63
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Author: Ferenc Szasz

During World War 2, President Franklin D.Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill pooled their nations' resources in the desperate race to beat the Germans to the secret of the atomic bomb. This book tells the story of the British scientists who journeyed to Los Alamos, New Mexico, to help develop the world's first nuclear weapons. The contributions of the British Mission to Los Alamos, which have been largely overlooked, were vital to the completion of the project. In addition, the two dozen scientists who collaborated with their American and Canadian allies were to have a profound effect on the post-War world, helping to shape the nuclear programs of the United States, Great Britain and, more controversially, the USSR.


Advanced Diagnostics for Magnetic and Inertial Fusion

Advanced Diagnostics for Magnetic and Inertial Fusion Lowest new price: $176.40
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Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Diagnostics for Magnetic and Inertial Fusion, held September 3-7, 2001 at Villa Monastero, Varenna, Italy.

This volume focuses on future diagnostic requirements for fusion energy research emphasizing advanced diagnostics, new techniques and areas where further progress is required.


Fusion: The Search for Endless Energy

Fusion: The Search for Endless Energy Lowest new price: $59.46
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Author: Robin Herman
Brand: Brand: Cambridge University Press

The book abounds with fascinating anecdotes about fusion's rocky path: the spurious claim by Argentine dictator Juan Peron in 1951 that his country had built a working fusion reactor, the rush by the United States to drop secrecy and publicize its fusion work as a propaganda offensive after the Russian success with Sputnik; the fortune Penthouse magazine publisher Bob Guccione sank into an unconventional fusion device, the skepticism that met an assertion by two University of Utah chemists in 1989 that they had created "cold fusion" in a bottle. Aimed at a general audience, the book describes the scientific basis of controlled fusion--the fusing of atomic nuclei, under conditions hotter than the sun, to release energy. Using personal recollections of scientists involved, it traces the history of this little-known international race that began during the Cold War in secret laboratories in the United States, Great Britain and the Soviet Union, and evolved into an astonishingly open collaboration between East and West.

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Cold Fusion: The Making of a Scientific Controversy

Cold Fusion: The Making of a Scientific Controversy Lowest new price: $10.42
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Author: F. David Peat
Brand: Brand: Contemporary Books

The "cold fusion story" is told here in about the degree of detail characteristic of the special features pages of a good newspaper; those who followed the story as it broke will encounter here little or nothing that is new, but others may find this a handy resource. The author provides enough simple background material to permit non-scientific readers to understand the technical points at issue, and has been at pains not to take sides. The story may retain no relevance to the enduring substance of science, but it reveals tellingly some disturbing aspects of the contemporary practice of science. Nicely produced for a book rushed so quickly into print (the story "began", in a certain sense, on March 23, 1989 less than a year ago!), with a few simple figures. (NW) Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.

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Stellarator and Heliotron Devices (International Series of Monographs on Physics)

Stellarator and Heliotron Devices (International Series of Monographs on Physics) Lowest new price: $129.15
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Author: Masahiro Wakatani

This monograph describes plasma physics for magnetic confinement of high temperature plasmas in nonaxisymmetric toroidal magnetic fields or stellarators. The techniques are aimed at controlling nuclear fusion for continuous energy production. While the focus is on the nonaxisymmetric toroidal field, or heliotron, developed at Kyoto University, the physics applies equally to other stellarators and axisymmetric tokamaks. The author covers all aspects of magnetic confinement, formation of magnetic surfaces, magnetohydrodynamic equilibrium and stability, single charged particle confinement, neoclassical transport and plasma heating. He also reviews recent experiments and the prospects for the next generation of devices.


Transuranium People, The: The Inside Story

Transuranium People, The: The Inside Story Lowest new price: $140.18
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Author: Albert Ghiorso
Brand: Brand: World Scientific Publishing Company

In this highly interesting book, three pioneering investigators provide an account of the discovery and investigation of the nuclear and chemical properties of the twenty presently known transuranium elements. The neutron irradiation of uranium led to the discovery of nuclear fission in 1938 and then to the first transuranium element, neptunium (atomic number 93), in 1940. Plutonium (94) quickly followed and the next nine elements completed the actinide series by 1961. Investigation of the chemical properties of the actinides was followed more recently by chemical studies of the first three transactinides — rutherfordium (104), hahnium (105), and seaborgium (106). Recent discoveries have extended the known elements to 112.

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The Fusion Quest

The Fusion Quest Lowest new price: $52.76
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Author: Professor T. Kenneth Fowler
Brand: Brand: The Johns Hopkins University Press

A few minutes before midnight on December 9, 1993, a group of scientists at the Princeton University Plasma Physics Laboratory produced the first definitive demonstration of controlled fusion energy. Within the confines of a doughnut-shaped device known as TFTR, a plasma consisting of equal parts tritium and deuterium was superheated by atomic beams--producing a second-long burst of energy that peaked at three million watts. For a brief instant, the power of the Sun had been captured on Earth.

In The Fusion Quest, T. Kenneth Fowler offers a vivid and colorful insider's account of the decades-long search for fusion power--a potentially abundant and environmentally "clean" energy source that could sustain industrial society in the twenty-first century and beyond. Scientists have known for more than sixty years that nuclear fusion powers the sun and stars. But would it work on Earth? To help answer this question, Fowler explains the physical principles on which fusion is based, describes the experiments that have led to the present state of the art, and shows how all these considerations would affect the design of possible fusion-based nuclear power plants.

Fowler describes magnets nearly as cold as outer space surrounding miniature "stars" hotter than the sun; lasers that for the merest split-second produce a blinding flash more powerful than every light bulb in America turned on at once. And he recounts the exciting discoveries of classical physics from Newton to Einstein, from Faraday to Lorentz, that provide the foundation of fusion science today. Ultimately, The Fusion Quest offers an informative and timely look at fusion's potential to provide an environmentally acceptable new energy source in a future more vulnerable to energy shortages and pollution than many of us realize.

Fusion as a source of energy has been a long-sought but never-achieved dream of the scientific establishment. The idea sounds simple enough: create cheap, limitless energy by the same processes that fuel the sun. The problem, however, is scale: how to reproduce the continual fusion of hydrogen atom nuclei in a reactor that is much, much smaller than the sun. This is the puzzle T. Kenneth Fowler describes in Fusion Quest, a book that argues passionately in favor of continued fusion research. Though there has yet been little success in the field, Fowler insists that so much progress has been made that fusion power will likely be possible within the next century. He spends most of the book explaining the challenges that face physicists in realizing this dream. The Fusion Quest is more technical than the average popular science book and will probably appeal more to those readers who have some background in physics and mathematics.

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Nuclear Fusion: Half a Century of Magnetic Confinement Fusion Research (SERIES ON PLASMA PHYSICS)

Nuclear Fusion: Half a Century of Magnetic Confinement Fusion Research (SERIES ON PLASMA PHYSICS) Lowest new price: $120.07
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Author: C.M. Braams
Brand: Brand: CRC Press

Fusion research started over half a century ago. Although the task remains unfinished, the end of the road could be in sight if society makes the right decisions. Nuclear Fusion: Half a Century of Magnetic Confinement Fusion Research is a careful, scholarly account of the course of fusion energy research over the past fifty years. The authors outline the different paths followed by fusion research from initial ignorance to present understanding. They explore why a particular scheme would not work and why it was more profitable to concentrate on the mainstream tokamak development. The book features descriptive sections, in-depth explanations of certain physical and technical issues, scientific terms, and an extensive glossary that explains relevant abbreviations and acronyms.

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Cold Fusion: The Scientific Fiasco of the Century

Cold Fusion: The Scientific Fiasco of the Century Lowest new price: $31.50
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Author: John R. Huizenga
Brand: Brand: University of Rochester Press

`An authoritative, frank, hard-hitting account of the cold fusion fiasco.' GLENN T. SEABORG`As a distinguished nuclear chemist he is uniquely qualified to evaluate the field. Cool, dispassionate scientists and policymakers will receive hisbook, I trust, with the respect it deserves.' FRANK CLOSE, NATURE`Members of the scientific community and lay readers interested in the history of the cold fusion episode and its broader implication for the scientific process will find much to consider in John Huizenga's thoughtful account of this astonishing chapter in the history of science.' STANLEY C. LUCKHARDT, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. NATURE`This book belongs in all college and university libraries.' CHOICEIn the spring of 1989 two electrochemists, B. Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann, working at the University of Utah, claimed to have duplicated the high-temperature process powering the sun at room temperature in a small jar on a laboratory tabletop. Scientists worldwide rushed to verify cold fusion, but analyses showed that most of the positive reports were plagued by experimental uncertainties, inadequate controls and improper assessment of errors; a definitive experiment still does not exist. Huizenga tells the story of the cold fusion claim in this book, presenting his own analysis of the reports, exploring the damaging consequences of the claim, and affirming his view that test tube fusion with watts of power remains a chimera. JOHN R. HUIZENGA, former Tracy H. Harris Professor of Chemistry and Physics at the University of Rochester, was co-chairman of the Cold Fusion Panel of the Energy Research Advisory board.

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