|Cold Fusion: The Scientific Fiasco of the Century
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Author: John R. Huizenga
Brand: Brand: University of Rochester Press
`An authoritative, frank, hard-hitting account of the cold fusion fiasco.' GLENN T. SEABORG`As a distinguished nuclear chemist he is uniquely qualified to evaluate the field. Cool, dispassionate scientists and policymakers will receive hisbook, I trust, with the respect it deserves.' FRANK CLOSE, NATURE`Members of the scientific community and lay readers interested in the history of the cold fusion episode and its broader implication for the scientific process will find much to consider in John Huizenga's thoughtful account of this astonishing chapter in the history of science.' STANLEY C. LUCKHARDT, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. NATURE`This book belongs in all college and university libraries.' CHOICEIn the spring of 1989 two electrochemists, B. Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann, working at the University of Utah, claimed to have duplicated the high-temperature process powering the sun at room temperature in a small jar on a laboratory tabletop. Scientists worldwide rushed to verify cold fusion, but analyses showed that most of the positive reports were plagued by experimental uncertainties, inadequate controls and improper assessment of errors; a definitive experiment still does not exist. Huizenga tells the story of the cold fusion claim in this book, presenting his own analysis of the reports, exploring the damaging consequences of the claim, and affirming his view that test tube fusion with watts of power remains a chimera. JOHN R. HUIZENGA, former Tracy H. Harris Professor of Chemistry and Physics at the University of Rochester, was co-chairman of the Cold Fusion Panel of the Energy Research Advisory board.
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|Current Trends in International Fusion Research (The Language of Science)
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Contains papers from the November 1994 symposium, reflecting both classical and novel concepts. Topics include self-colliding beams as an alternative fusion system, target physics for inertial fusion energy, advanced confinement programs, the inertial electrostatic confinement approach, ignition phy
|Physics of Plasma-Wall Interactions in Controlled Fusion (NATO Conference Series)
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Author: D. E. Post
Controlled thermonuclear fusion is one of the possible candidates for long term energy sources which will be indispensable for our highly technological society. However, the physics and technology of controlled fusion are extremely complex and still require a great deal of research and development before fusion can be a practical energy source. For producing energy via controlled fusion a deuterium-tritium gas has to be heated to temperatures of a few 100 Million °c corres ponding to about 10 keV. For net energy gain, this hot plasma has to be confined at a certain density for a certain time One pro mising scheme to confine such a plasma is the use of i~tense mag netic fields. However, the plasma diffuses out of the confining magnetic surfaces and impinges on the surrounding vessel walls which isolate the plasma from the surrounding air. Because of this plasma wall interaction, particles from the plasma are lost to the walls by implantation and are partially reemitted into the plasma. In addition, wall atoms are released and can enter the plasma. These wall atoms or impurities can deteriorate the plasma performance due to enhanced energy losses through radiation and an increase of the required magnetic pressure or a dilution of the fuel in the plasma. Finally, the impact of the plasma and energy on the wall can modify and deteriorate the thermal and mechanical pro perties of the vessel walls.
|Plasma Physics for Nuclear Fusion
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Author: Kenro Miyamoto
The original English-language edition of this work appeared in 1979. Since then researchers around the world have made slow but steady progress toward the realization of sustained, controlled nuclear fusion. This new edition has been updated to review the important contributions of the past decade. The final chapter, "Confinement of High-Temperature Plasmas, " has been rewritten entirely to include the recent results of confinement in several types of devices and advances the under standing of wave heating. Miyamoto's approach is unique in encompassing Western, Soviet, and Japanese research in the fusion field. The book's 16 chapters are grouped into four major subject areas. Chapters in the first part develop the fundamentals of plasma physics and present the conditions of nuclear fusion reactions; those in the next two parts provide a magnetohydrodynamic description of plasmas and explain wave phenomena and instabilities by means of a kinetic model. Concluding chapters take up the problems of heating, diagnostics, and confinement. Specific topics include the Lawson condition; Boltzmann and Vlasov equations; plasma equilibrium; magnetohydrodynamic instabilities; waves in cold and hot plasmas; microinstabilities; fast neutral beam injection and wave heating; and diagnostics using microwaves, lasers, and energy analyzers. Plasma confinement in tokamaks and stellarators, multipole fields, mirrors, and cusps, as well as inertial confinement, are reviewed. Kenro Miyamoto, is Professor of Physics at the University of Tokyo.
|New Ideas in Tokamak Confinement (Research Trends in Physics)
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Author: Marshall N. Rosenbluth
Brand: Brand: American Institute of Physics
Market: Scientists and students involved in thermonuclear fusion research. Thermonuclear fusion research using the confinement device tokamak represents one of the most prominent science projects in the second half of the 20th century. International Tokamak Community is now committing significant effort and funds to experiments with burning plasma, hot and dense enough to produce significant nuclear fusion reactions. The methods used to enhance tokamak performance have a profound and immediate effect on machine design. This book provides an up-to-date account of research in tokamak fusion and puts forward innovative ideas in confinement physics.
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|Inertial Confinement Fusion (Research Trends in Physics)
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Brand: Brand: Springer
Offers an assessment of current and future research trends in inertial confinement fusion. The book examines the state of worldwide research in driver energy deposition, thermal and suprathermal electron transport, ICF diagnostics, and targets, drivers and reactors.
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|The Nuclear Fission Process
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Author: Cyriel Wagemans
This text provides a comprehensive review of knowledge regarding nuclear fission from both the purely scientific and practical points of view. Topics discussed include fission barriers, spontaneous fission, neutron-induced fission cross-sections, photon- and electron-induced fission, charged particle induced fission fragment angular momentum and ternary fission. The characteristics of other reaction products are also discussed. Contributed articles from several distinguished nuclear scientists guarantee adequate treatment of some of the specialized research fields included in the text. Intended primarily as an introduction to nuclear fission for graduate students, this book will also provide useful information for nuclear physicists involved with research or teaching.
|An Introduction to Inertial Confinement Fusion (Series in Plasma Physics)
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Author: Susanne Pfalzner
Newcomers to the field of inertial confinement fusion (ICF) often have difficulty establishing a clear picture of the overall field. The reason for this is because, while there are many books devoted to special topics within the field, there is none that provides an overview of the field as a whole. An Introduction to Inertial Confinement Fusion fills this gap with an overview of the processes involved in ICF presented at an accessible level. After a broad overview, the book follows the processes from the driver technology to burn physics in chronological order. As each topic appears, the author details the physical concepts and obstacles. The book concludes with a look to the future prospects of the field.
|British Scientists and the Manhattan Project: The Los Alamos Years
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Author: NA NA
Brand: Ferenc Morton Szasz
During World War 2, President Franklin D.Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill pooled their nations' resources in the desperate race to beat the Germans to the secret of the atomic bomb. This book tells the story of the British scientists who journeyed to Los Alamos, New Mexico, to help develop the world's first nuclear weapons. The contributions of the British Mission to Los Alamos, which have been largely overlooked, were vital to the completion of the project. In addition, the two dozen scientists who collaborated with their American and Canadian allies were to have a profound effect on the post-War world, helping to shape the nuclear programs of the United States, Great Britain and, more controversially, the USSR.
- British Scientists And The Manhattan Project
|Plasma Physics and Nuclear Fusion Research
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Author: R. Gill