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|X-Ray Absorption: Principles, Applications, Techniques of EXAFS, SEXAFS and XANES
Lowest new price: $445.24
Lowest used price: $164.95
List price: $473.00
Brand: Absorption Principles X ray
Describes several specific spectrometric techniques that are very useful in elucidating the fundamental nature of matter: EXAFS--Extended X-Ray Absorption of Fine Structure; SEXAFS--which is EXAFS applied to Surface Phenomena; and XANES--X-Ray Absorption Near Edge Structures. Articles explain the phenomena and describe examples of X-ray absorption applications in several fields, including chemistry, biochemistry, catalysis, amorphous and liquid systems, synchrotron radiation, and surface phenomena. Contributors explain the underlying theory, how to set up X-ray absorption experiments, and how to analyze the details of the resulting spectra. This volume will be of particular interest to physicists, chemists, biologists, and materials scientists.
- X Ray Absorption Principles Applications Techniques of EXAFS SEXAFS and XANES
|Surface Treatments for Biological, Chemical and Physical Applications
Lowest new price: $90.13
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List price: $135.00
Author: Mehmet Gürsoy
A step-by-step guide to the topic with a mix of theory and practice in the fields of biology, chemistry and physics.
Straightforward and well-structured, the first chapter introduces fundamental aspects of surface treatments, after which examples from nature are given. Subsequent chapters discuss various methods to surface modification, including chemical and physical approaches, followed by the characterization of the functionalized surfaces. Applications discussed include the lotus effect, diffusion barriers, enzyme immobilization and catalysis.
Finally, the book concludes with a look at future technology advances. Throughout the text, tutorials and case studies are used for training purposes to grant a deeper understanding of the topic, resulting in an essential reference for students as well as for experienced engineers in R&D.
|Principles of Plasma Discharges and Materials Processing
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Author: Michael A. Lieberman
Timely, authoritative, pedagogically consistent— a valuable professional resource and a superior didactic tool. Authored by two internationally respected pioneers in the field, this book offers a fully integrated, pedagogically consistent presentation of the fundamental physics and chemistry of partially ionized, chemically reactive, low-pressure plasmas and their roles in a wide range of plasma discharges and processes used in thin film processing applications—especially in the fabrication of integrated circuits. With many fully worked examples, practice exercises, and clear demonstrations of the relationship of plasma parameters to external control parameters and processing results, this book combines the best qualities of a student text and a professional resource.
- In-depth coverage of the fundamentals of plasma physics and chemistry—includes separate chapters on atomic and molecular collisions
- Applies basic theory to plasma discharges, including calculations of plasma parameters and scaling of plasma parameters with control parameters
- Applies results to basic processing mechanisms and the effects of plasma parameters on those mechanisms
- Uses numerous worked examples to demonstrate the relationships between control parameters, plasma parameters, and processing results
|Statistical Thermodynamics Of Surfaces, Interfaces, And Membranes (Frontiers in Physics)
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Author: Samuel Safran
Brand: Brand: Westview Press
Understanding the structural and thermodynamic properties of surfaces, interfaces, and membranes is important for both fundamental and practical reasons. Important applications include coatings, dispersants, encapsulating agents, and biological materials. Soft materials, important in the development of new materials and the basis of many biological systems, cannot be designed using trial and error methods due to the multiplicity of components and parameters. While these systems can sometimes be analyzed in terms of microscopic mixtures, it is often conceptually simpler to regard them as dispersions and to focus on the properties of the internal interfaces found in these systems. The basic physics centers on the properties of quasi-two-dimensional systems embedded in the three-dimensional world, thus exhibiting phenomena that do not exist in bulk materials. This approach is the basis behind the theoretical presentation of Statistical Thermodynamics of Surfaces, Interfaces, and Membranes. The approach adapted allows one to treat the rich diversity of phenomena investigated in the field of soft matter physics (including both colloid/interface science as well as the materials and macromolecular aspects of biological physics) such as interfacial tension, the roughening transition, wetting, interactions between surfaces, membrane elasticity, and self-assembly. Presented as a set of lecture notes, this book is aimed at physicists, physical chemists, biological physicists, chemical engineers, and materials scientists who are interested in the statistical mechanics that underlie the macroscopic, thermodynamic properties of surfaces, interfaces, and membranes. This paperback edition contains all the material published in the original hard-cover edition as well as additional clarifications and explanations.
- Used Book in Good Condition
|Surfaces (Oxford Chemistry Primers)
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Author: Gary Attard
Brand: Oxford University Press USA
This primer provides an introduction to the subject of surfaces at the level of undergraduates and first year postgraduates. There are four chapters, the first concerns basic thermodynamic material used to understand the properties of surfaces including; surface tension, Gibbs absorption, surface pressure and surface phase equilibria, surfactants and micelles, wetting, detergency, and contact angle. The second chapter concentrates on gas absorption at solid surfaces and covers topics including absorption, Langmuir isotherms, heats of absorption, BET isotherms, physisorbtion, chemisorbtion, precursor absorption kinetics, well-defined surfaces, UHV, surface sensitivity and selectivity, surface diffusion and electrons interacting with matter. Chapter three then outlines the physico-chemical principles of XPS, AES, LEED, STM, AFM, work function measurements, UPS, TPD, molecular beams, HREELS and PAIRS and the types of fundamental surface information each of these techniques provides. The final chapter contains a series of worked examples and problems, bringing together the various strands developed in Chapters 1-3 in order to elucidate surface phenomena. The book is unique in its mix of 'Classical' and 'Modern' surface science and should be relevant to physicists, chemists and material scientists.
- Oxford University Press USA
|Sliding Friction: Physical Principles and Applications (Nanoscience and Technology)
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Author: B N J Persson
The ability to produce durable low-friction surfaces and lubricant fluids has become an important factor in the miniaturization of moving components in many technological devices, such as magnetic storage, recording systems, miniature motors, and many aerospace components. This book will be invaluable to physicists, materials scientists, and engineers who want to understand the principles and applications of sliding friction.
|Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) Processing, Second Edition
Lowest new price: $247.80
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List price: $295.00
Author: Donald M. Mattox
Brand: Brand: William Andrew
This updated version of the popular handbook further explains all aspects of physical vapor deposition (PVD) process technology from the characterizing and preparing the substrate material, through deposition processing and film characterization, to post-deposition processing. The emphasis of the new edition remains on the aspects of the process flow that are critical to economical deposition of films that can meet the required performance specifications, with additional information to support the original material.
The book covers subjects seldom treated in the literature: substrate characterization, adhesion, cleaning and the processing. The book also covers the widely discussed subjects of vacuum technology and the fundamentals of individual deposition processes. However, the author uniquely relates these topics to the practical issues that arise in PVD processing, such as contamination control and film growth effects, which are also rarely discussed in the literature. In bringing these subjects together in one book, the reader can understand the interrelationship between various aspects of the film deposition processing and the resulting film properties. The author draws upon his long experience with developing PVD processes and troubleshooting the processes in the manufacturing environment, to provide useful hints for not only avoiding problems, but also for solving problems when they arise. He uses actual experiences, called "war stories", to emphasize certain points. Special formatting of the text allows a reader who is already knowledgeable in the subject to scan through a section and find discussions that are of particular interest. The author has tried to make the subject index as useful as possible so that the reader can rapidly go to sections of particular interest. Extensive references allow the reader to pursue subjects in greater detail if desired.
The book is intended to be both an introduction for those who are new to the field and a valuable resource to those already in the field. The discussion of transferring technology between R&D and manufacturing provided in Appendix 1, will be of special interest to the manager or engineer responsible for moving a PVD product and process from R&D into production. Appendix 2 has an extensive listing of periodical publications and professional societies that relate to PVD processing. The extensive Glossary of Terms and Acronyms provided in Appendix 3 will be of particular use to students and to those not fully conversant with the terminology of PVD processing or with the English language.
- Fully revised and updated to include the latest developments in PVD process technology
- ‘War stories’ drawn from the author’s extensive experience emphasize important points in development and manufacturing
- Appendices include listings of periodicals and professional societies, terms and acronyms, and material on transferring technology between R&D and manufacturing
- Used Book in Good Condition
|Silane Coupling Agents
Lowest new price: $160.65
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Author: Edwin P. Plueddemann
Brand: Edwin P Plueddemann
* It has been rumored that a bumble bee has such aerodynamic deficiencies that it should be incapable of flight. Fiberglass-reinforced polymer com posites, similarly, have two (apparently) insurmountable obstacles to per formance: 1) Water can hydrolyze any conceivable bond between organic and inorganic phase, and 2) Stresses across the interface during temperature cycling (resulting from a mismatch in thermal expansion coefficients) may exceed the strength of one of the phases. Organofunctional silanes are hybrid organic-inorganic compounds that are used as coupling agents across the organic-inorganic interface to help overcome these two obstacles to composite performance. One of their functions is to use the hydrolytic action of water under equilibrium condi tions to relieve thermally induced stresses across the interface. If equilib rium conditions can be maintained, the two problems act to cancel each other out. Coupling agents are defined primarily as materials that improve the practical adhesive bond of polymer to mineral. This may involve an increase in true adhesion, but it may also involve improved wetting, rheology, and other handling properties. The coupling agent may also modify the inter phase region to strengthen the organic and inorganic boundary layers.
|Surface Properties of Layered Structures (Physics and Chemistry of Materials with Low-Dimensional Structures)
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Brand: G Benedek
Layered crystals, characterized by a quasi-two-dimensional character of certain physical properties, play an interesting role in surface science. First of all they provide excellent inert substrates for epitaxial deposition and physisorption studies. The surfaces of layered crystals, however, are interesting in their own right because they make a relevant class of low-dimensional phenomena accessible to surface probes. Change density waves, incommensurate structures, phonon anomalies and high Tc superconductivity are well known examples.
This book collects a series of review articles written by outstanding specialists on the structural assessment and spectroscopy of layered structures with surface-sensitive probes such as scanning microscopy and helium atom scattering, the theoretical analysis of their electronic and vibrational surface states, and the investigation of physisorbed overlayers.
- Surface Properties of Layered Structures
|Practical Guide to Surface Science and Spectroscopy
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Author: Yip-Wah Chung
Practical Guide to Surface Science and Spectroscopy provides a practical introduction to surface science as well as describes the basic analytical techniques that researchers use to understand what occurs at the surfaces of materials and at their interfaces. These techniques include auger electron spectroscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy, inelastic scattering of electrons and ions, low energy electron diffraction, scanning probe microscopy, and interfacial segregation. Understanding the behavior of materials at their surfaces is essential for materials scientists and engineers as they design and fabricate microelectronics and semiconductor devices.
The book gives over 100 examples, discussion questions and problems with varying levels of difficulty. Included with this book is a CD-ROM, which not only contains the same information, but also provides many elements of animation and interaction that are not easily emulated on paper. In diverse subject matters ranging from the operation of ion pumps, computer-assisted data acquisition to tapping mode atomic force microscopy, the interactive component is especially helpful in conveying difficult concepts and retention of important information. The succinct style and organization of this practical guide is ideal for anyone who wants to get up to speed on a given topic in surface spectroscopy or phenomenon within a reasonable amount of time.
* Both theory and practice are emphasized
* Logical organization allows one to get up to speed on any given topic quickly
* Numerous examples, questions for discussion and practice problems are included
* The CD includes animation and interactive elements that help to convey difficult concepts
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