|Polymers Near Surfaces: Conformation Properties and Relation to Critical Phenomena
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Author: Erich Eisenriegler
This book gives an introduction to the conformation properties near surfaces of long flexible polymer chains in extreme dilution. These properties are of both practical and fundamental importance. While the behavior in this fluctuation-dominated situation is independent of most microscopic details, it shows a large variety that is characterized by the different qualitative conditions in the bulk (good or theta solvent, etc.) and near the surface (desorbing or absorbing, etc.). The main focus of the book is on powerful, recent theoretical developments that have - despite the long history of the field - increased our understanding considerably during the last few years. The close relationship to surface critical phenomena is explained, making it possible to apply advanced methods of field theory. A self-contained introduction into these approaches, and their application to polymer physics, are given assuming only a basic knowledge of statistical mechanics. A detailed consideration of ideal (random walk-type) chains near surfaces serves as a first orientation. Much of the materials have not appeared previously in book form. This text gives an introduction simultaneously to the renormalization group, short distance expansions and conformal invariance in critical systems with a surface.
This book will be of interest to physicists and chemists active in the field of polymers and to theoretical physicists working in statistical mechanics, critical phenomena and field theory. Due to its introductory character it will also be useful to students who plan to specialize in one of these fields, and it could be used as a textbook for a course at senior undergraduate or graduate level.
|Fragile Objects: Soft Matter, Hard Science, and the Thrill of Discovery
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Author: Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
Written by 1991 Nobel laureate Pierre Gilles de Gennes, this fascinating book addresses topics ranging from soft-matter physics to the activities of science: the role of individual or team work, the relation of discovery to correction, and the interplay of conscience and knowledge.
"Reading this book can be compared to strolling through a magnificent garden of fragile objects...I highly recommend it to any reader who is interested in condensed matter physics and science at large."-PHYSICS TODAY
|Demonstrating Science with Soap Films
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Many of us have been fascinated as children by soap bubbles and soap films. Their shapes and colours are beautiful and they are great fun to pay with. With no les intensity, scientists and mathematicians have been interested in the properties of bubbles and films throughout scientific history.
In this book David Lovett describes the properties of soap films and soap bubbles. He then uses their properties to illustrate and elucidate a wide range of physical principles and scientific phenomena in a way that unifies different concepts. The book will appeal not only to students and teachers at school and university but also to readers with a general scientific interest and to researchers studying soap films.
For the most part simple school mathematics is used. Sections containing more advanced mathematics have been placed in boxes or appendices and can be omitted by readers without the appropriate mathematical background.
The text is supported with
* Over 100 diagrams and photgraphs.
* Details of practical experiments that can be performed using simple household materials.
* Computer programs that draw some of the more complicated figures or animate sequences of soap film configurations.
* A bibliography for readers wishing to delve further into the subject.
David Lovett is a lecturer in physics at the University of Essex. His research interests include Langmiur-Blodgett thin films and the use of models as teaching aids in physics. He has been interested in soap films since 1978 and has made a number of original contributions to the subject, particularly in the use of models which change their dimensions and their analogy with phase transitions. He has published three other books including ITensor Properties of Crystals (Institute of Physics Publishing 1989).
John Tilley is also a lecturer in physics at the University of Essex with research interests in theoretical solid-state physics and soap films. He is coauthor of Superfluidity and Superconductivity (Institute of Physics Publishing, 3rd edition, 1990).
|Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) Processing (Materials Science and Process Technology)
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Author: Donald M. Mattox
This book covers all aspects of physical vapor deposition (PVD) process technology from the characterizing and preparing the substrate material, through deposition processing and film characterization, to post-deposition processing. The emphasis of the book is on the aspects of the process flow that are critical to economical deposition of films that can meet the required performance specifications.
The book covers subjects seldom treated in the literature: substrate characterization, adhesion, cleaning and the processing. The book also covers the widely discussed subjects of vacuum technology and the fundamentals of individual deposition processes. However, the author uniquely relates these topics to the practical issues that arise in PVD processing, such as contamination control and film growth effects, which are also rarely discussed in the literature. In bringing these subjects together in one book, the reader can understand the interrelationship between various aspects of the film deposition processing and the resulting film properties. The author draws upon his long experience with developing PVD processes and troubleshooting the processes in the manufacturing environment, to provide useful hints for not only avoiding problems, but also for solving problems when they arise. He uses actual experiences, called ""war stories"", to emphasize certain points. Special formatting of the text allows a reader who is already knowledgeable in the subject to scan through a section and find discussions that are of particular interest. The author has tried to make the subject index as useful as possible so that the reader can rapidly go to sections of particular interest. Extensive references allow the reader to pursue subjects in greater detail if desired.
The book is intended to be both an introduction for those who are new to the field and a valuable resource to those already in the field. The discussion of transferring technology between R&D and manufacturing provided in Appendix 1, will be of special interest to the manager or engineer responsible for moving a PVD product and process from R&D into production. Appendix 2 has an extensive listing of periodical publications and professional societies that relate to PVD processing. The extensive Glossary of Terms and Acronyms provided in Appendix 3 will be of particular use to students and to those not fully conversant with the terminology of PVD processing or with the English language.
|Anionic Surfactants (Surfactant Science)
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Brand: Brand: CRC Press
- Used Book in Good Condition
|On the Surface of Things
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Author: Felice Frankel
An amazing exploration on microscopic and macroscopic levels into the combination of art and science reveals the concealed visual magnificence of science and the dynamic burst of colors from the joining of different surfaces. Simultaneous. IP.
|Modern Characterization Methods of Surfactant Systems (Surfactant Science)
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Describes recent techniques applied to characterize surfactant systems, such as surfactant-stabilized colloids, micelles, microemulsions, emulsions and foams in both aqueous and nonaqueous fluids. The text probes adsorption and wetting phenomena at interfaces, including solid-liquid, liquid-vapour and liquid-liquid. It provides helpful examples and case studies illustrating how these techniques may be used in complementary ways.
|Adsorption by Powders and Porous Solids: Principles, Methodology and Applications
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Author: Jean Rouquerol
The declared objective of this book is to provide an introductory review of the various theoretical and practical aspects of adsorption by powders and porous solids with particular reference to materials of technological importance. The primary aim is to meet the needs of students and non-specialists who are new to surface science or who wish to use the advanced techniques now available for the determination of surface area, pore size and surface characterization. In addition, a critical account is given of recent work on the adsorptive properties of activated carbons, oxides, clays and zeolites.
- Provides a comprehensive treatment of adsorption at both the gas/solid interface and the liquid/solid interface
- Includes chapters dealing with experimental methodology and the interpretation of adsorption data obtained with porous oxides, carbons and zeolites
- Techniques capture the importance of heterogeneous catalysis, chemical engineering and the production of pigments, cements, agrochemicals, and pharmaceuticals
|Chemistry in Two Dimensions: Surfaces (GEORGE FISHER BAKER NON-RESIDENT LECTURESHIP IN CHEMISTRY AT CORNELL UNIVERSITY)
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Author: Gabor A. Somorjai
Brand: Brand: Cornell Univ Pr
Book by Somorjai, Gabor A.
- Used Book in Good Condition
|Practical Guide to Surface Science and Spectroscopy
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Author: Yip-Wah Chung
Practical Guide to Surface Science and Spectroscopy provides a practical introduction to surface science as well as describes the basic analytical techniques that researchers use to understand what occurs at the surfaces of materials and at their interfaces. These techniques include auger electron spectroscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy, inelastic scattering of electrons and ions, low energy electron diffraction, scanning probe microscopy, and interfacial segregation. Understanding the behavior of materials at their surfaces is essential for materials scientists and engineers as they design and fabricate microelectronics and semiconductor devices.
The book gives over 100 examples, discussion questions and problems with varying levels of difficulty. Included with this book is a CD-ROM, which not only contains the same information, but also provides many elements of animation and interaction that are not easily emulated on paper. In diverse subject matters ranging from the operation of ion pumps, computer-assisted data acquisition to tapping mode atomic force microscopy, the interactive component is especially helpful in conveying difficult concepts and retention of important information. The succinct style and organization of this practical guide is ideal for anyone who wants to get up to speed on a given topic in surface spectroscopy or phenomenon within a reasonable amount of time.
* Both theory and practice are emphasized
* Logical organization allows one to get up to speed on any given topic quickly
* Numerous examples, questions for discussion and practice problems are included
* The CD includes animation and interactive elements that help to convey difficult concepts