|Computational Plasma Physics: With Applications To Fusion And Astrophysics (Frontiers in Physics)
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Author: Toshi Tajima
Brand: Brand: Westview Press
The physics of plasmas is an extremely rich and complex subject as the variety of topics addressed in this book demonstrates. This richness and complexity demands new and powerful techniques for investigating plasma physics. An outgrowth from his graduate course teaching, now with corrections, Tajima's text provides not only a lucid introduction to computational plasma physics, but also offers the reader many examples of the way numerical modeling, properly handled, can provide valuable physical understanding of the nonlinear aspects so often encountered in both laboratory and astrophysical plasmas. Included here are computational methods for modern nonlinear physics as applied to hydrodynamic turbulence, solitons, fast reconnection of magnetic fields, anomalous transports, dynamics of the sun, and more. The text contains examples of problems now solved using computational techniques including those concerning finite-size particles, spectral techniques, implicit differencing, gyrokinetic approaches, and particle simulation.
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|Waves and Instabilities in Plasmas (World Scientific Lecture Notes in Physics)
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Author: Liu Chen
The topics covered in these notes are selective and tend to emphasize more on kinetic-theory approaches to waves and instabilities in both uniform and non-uniform plasmas, students are assumed to have some basic knowledge of plasma dynamics in terms of single-particle and fluid descriptions.
|Principles of Plasma Diagnostics
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Author: I. H. Hutchinson
This book provides a systematic introduction to the physics of plasma diagnostics measurements. It develops from first principles the concepts needed to plan, execute and interpret plasma measurements, making it a suitable book for graduate students and professionals with little plasma physics background. The book will also be a valuable reference for seasoned plasma physicists, both experimental and theoretical, as well as those with an interest in space and astrophysical applications. This second edition is thoroughly revised and updated, with new sections and chapters covering recent developments in the field.
|Reviews of Plasma Physics
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Brand: V D Shafranov
Reviews of Plasma Physics Volume 22, contains two reviews. The first Cooperative Effects in Plasmas by the late B.B. Kadomtsev is based on the second edition of the author's book in Russian which originated from his written lectures for students of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology. Kadomtsev intended to publish the book in English and even initiated the translation himself. The book represents a review of the typical plasma cooperative phenomena that determine the behavior of laboratory and astrophysical plasmas. It is characterized by lively language. The first three sections of the review deal with linear and nonlinear phenomena in fluids without a magnetic field. An additional subsection 'Solitons' has been added to the third section. The next two sections address regular nonlinear phenomena in a plasma in a magnetic field.
The second review by S.V. Bulanov et al is connected with the contents of the first. The physics of the laser-plasma interaction including such nonlinear processes as wave breaking, the acceleration of charged particles, electromagnetic wave self-focusing, the relativistic soliton and vortex generation, are considered analytically and illustrated using computer simulations.
- Reviews of Plasma Physics
|Introduction to Nonlinear Fluid-Plasma Waves (Mechanics of Fluids and Transport Processes, Vol. 8)
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Author: Bhimsen K. Shivamoggi
Brand: Brand: Kluwer Academic Publishers
A variety of nonlinear effects occur in a plasma. First, there are the wave steepening effects which can occur in any fluid in which the propagation speed depends upon the wave-amplitude. In a dispersive medium this can lead to classes of nonlinear waves which may have stationary solutions like solitons and shocks. Because the plasma also acts like an inherently nonlinear dielectric resonant interactions among waves lead to exchange of energy among them. Further, an electromagnetic wave interacting with a plasma may parametrically excite other waves in the plasma. A large-amplitude Langmuir wave undergoes a modulational instability which arises through local depressions in plasma density and the corresponding increases in the energy density of the wave electric field. Whereas a field collapse occurs in two and three dimensions, in a one-dimensional case, spatially localized stationary field structures called Langmuir solitons can result. Many other plasma waves like upper-hybrid waves, lower-hybrid waves etc. can also undergo a modulational instability and produce localized field structures. A new type of nonlinear effect comes into play when an electromagnetic wave propagating through a plasma is strong enough to drive the electrons to relativistic speeds. This leads to a propagation of an electromagnetic wave in a normally overdense plasma, and the coupling of the electromagnetic wave to a Langmuir wave in the plasma. The relativistic mass variation of the electrons moving in an intense electromagnetic wave can also lead to a modulational instability of the latter.
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|Radiofrequency Heating of Plasmas, (Series on Plasma Physics)
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Cross and Manheimer/Lashmore-Davies sell steadily in the export market - potential for Cairns here. This book provides a concise introduction to the basic physics of radiofrequency heating. Most existing literature on the subject is at the research level, aimed at specialists in the field. It provides a survey of theoretical and experimental results with a large number of references to help the reader wishing for more detail. Provides a concise and readable account/ Basic physical principles are emphasised and more complicated mathematical ideas are explained in outline. Radiofrequency current drive is discussed in detail. "One criticsm may be lack of detail. I have deliberatly avoided including a lot of mathematical and experimental detail in order to keep the book short and to concentrate on the essential ideas. Enough references are given to lead anyone wishing more detail to the appropriate literature" - comment from the author? Export Market: Japan, USA, CERN, all important centres for fusion research Tokamaks - supercolliders for particle acceleration - particles are bombarded by extremely powerful lasers the beams of which are split many times through kms of piping - massive structurees largest currently in Japan but also important structure in US.
|Basic Data of Plasma Physics (The Fundamental Data on Electrical Discharges in Gases)
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Author: Sanborn C. Brown
1959 Copyright Second Printing June, 1961 396 pages. The Technology Press at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (John Wiley and Sons Inc.)
|Physics of High-Density Z-Pinch Plasmas
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Author: Michael A. Liberman
A "z pinch" is a deceptively simple plasma configuration in which a longitudinal current produces a magnetic field that confines the plasma. Z-pinch research is currently one of the fastest growing areas of plasma physics, with revived interest in z-pinch controlled fusion reactors along with investigations of new z-pinch applications, such as very high power x-ray sources, high-energy neutrons sources, and ultra-high magnetic fields generators. This book provides a comprehensive review of the physics of dense z pinches and includes many recent experimental results.
|The Earth's Plasmasphere (Cambridge Atmospheric and Space Science Series)
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Author: J. F. Lemaire
Brand: Brand: Springer-Verlag
The plasmasphere is the vast "doughnut-shaped" region of the magnetosphere that forms a cold thermal plasma cloud encircling the Earth, terminating abruptly at a radial distance of 30,000 km over a sharp discontinuity known as the plasmapause. This is the first monograph to describe the historical development of ideas concerning the plasmasphere by the pioneering researchers themselves. The monograph brings our picture of the plasmasphere up to date by presenting experimental and observational results of the past three decades, and mathematical and physical theories proposed to explain its formation. The volume will be invaluable for researchers in space physics and will also appeal to those interested in the history of science.
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|Low Temperature Plasma Physics: Fundamental Aspects and Applications
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Low-temperature plasma physics is a very active area of research located on the boundaries between physics, chemistry and materials science. Recent technological developments, e.g. in plasma etching or plasma deposition, have led to a revived interest in plasma physics and technology.
This volume describes in detail fundamentals and applications of low-temperature plasma physics including newest achievements. The authors of this volume are top scientists from the USA and Europe who present most recent successes in our understanding of how plasmas behave and put a strong focus on the links between theory and experiment or technological process.