|Introduction to Nonlinear Fluid-Plasma Waves (Mechanics of Fluids and Transport Processes, Vol. 8)
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Author: Bhimsen K. Shivamoggi
Brand: Brand: Kluwer Academic Publishers
A variety of nonlinear effects occur in a plasma. First, there are the wave steepening effects which can occur in any fluid in which the propagation speed depends upon the wave-amplitude. In a dispersive medium this can lead to classes of nonlinear waves which may have stationary solutions like solitons and shocks. Because the plasma also acts like an inherently nonlinear dielectric resonant interactions among waves lead to exchange of energy among them. Further, an electromagnetic wave interacting with a plasma may parametrically excite other waves in the plasma. A large-amplitude Langmuir wave undergoes a modulational instability which arises through local depressions in plasma density and the corresponding increases in the energy density of the wave electric field. Whereas a field collapse occurs in two and three dimensions, in a one-dimensional case, spatially localized stationary field structures called Langmuir solitons can result. Many other plasma waves like upper-hybrid waves, lower-hybrid waves etc. can also undergo a modulational instability and produce localized field structures. A new type of nonlinear effect comes into play when an electromagnetic wave propagating through a plasma is strong enough to drive the electrons to relativistic speeds. This leads to a propagation of an electromagnetic wave in a normally overdense plasma, and the coupling of the electromagnetic wave to a Langmuir wave in the plasma. The relativistic mass variation of the electrons moving in an intense electromagnetic wave can also lead to a modulational instability of the latter.
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|Radiofrequency Heating of Plasmas, (SERIES ON PLASMA PHYSICS)
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Cross and Manheimer/Lashmore-Davies sell steadily in the export market - potential for Cairns here. This book provides a concise introduction to the basic physics of radiofrequency heating. Most existing literature on the subject is at the research level, aimed at specialists in the field. It provides a survey of theoretical and experimental results with a large number of references to help the reader wishing for more detail. Provides a concise and readable account/ Basic physical principles are emphasised and more complicated mathematical ideas are explained in outline. Radiofrequency current drive is discussed in detail. "One criticsm may be lack of detail. I have deliberatly avoided including a lot of mathematical and experimental detail in order to keep the book short and to concentrate on the essential ideas. Enough references are given to lead anyone wishing more detail to the appropriate literature" - comment from the author? Export Market: Japan, USA, CERN, all important centres for fusion research Tokamaks - supercolliders for particle acceleration - particles are bombarded by extremely powerful lasers the beams of which are split many times through kms of piping - massive structurees largest currently in Japan but also important structure in US.
|Basic Data of Plasma Physics (The Fundamental Data on Electrical Discharges in Gases)
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Author: Sanborn C. Brown
1959 Copyright Second Printing June, 1961 396 pages. The Technology Press at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (John Wiley and Sons Inc.)
|Physics of High-Density Z-Pinch Plasmas
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Author: Michael A. Liberman
A "z pinch" is a deceptively simple plasma configuration in which a longitudinal current produces a magnetic field that confines the plasma. Z-pinch research is currently one of the fastest growing areas of plasma physics, with revived interest in z-pinch controlled fusion reactors along with investigations of new z-pinch applications, such as very high power x-ray sources, high-energy neutrons sources, and ultra-high magnetic fields generators. This book provides a comprehensive review of the physics of dense z pinches and includes many recent experimental results.
|The Earth's Plasmasphere (Cambridge Atmospheric and Space Science Series)
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Author: J. F. Lemaire
Brand: Brand: Springer-Verlag
The plasmasphere is the vast "doughnut-shaped" region of the magnetosphere that forms a cold thermal plasma cloud encircling the Earth, terminating abruptly at a radial distance of 30,000 km over a sharp discontinuity known as the plasmapause. This is the first monograph to describe the historical development of ideas concerning the plasmasphere by the pioneering researchers themselves. The monograph brings our picture of the plasmasphere up to date by presenting experimental and observational results of the past three decades, and mathematical and physical theories proposed to explain its formation. The volume will be invaluable for researchers in space physics and will also appeal to those interested in the history of science.
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|Low Temperature Plasma Physics: Fundamental Aspects and Applications
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Low-temperature plasma physics is a very active area of research located on the boundaries between physics, chemistry and materials science. Recent technological developments, e.g. in plasma etching or plasma deposition, have led to a revived interest in plasma physics and technology.
This volume describes in detail fundamentals and applications of low-temperature plasma physics including newest achievements. The authors of this volume are top scientists from the USA and Europe who present most recent successes in our understanding of how plasmas behave and put a strong focus on the links between theory and experiment or technological process.
|Inductively Coupled Plasma - Atomic Emission Spectroscopy: An Atlas of Spectral Information (Physical Sciences Data)
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Author: R.K. Winge
This atlas is the only compilation of spectral data which provides the analyst with a general view of the elemental spectra emitted by the ICP. Coincidence profiles enable the analyst to assess the relative liabilities of prominent analytical lines to a variety of spectral interference types. The data presented are all based on actual spectra emitted by ICPs operated under the optimized conditions usually employed for sample analysis.
The work is composed of three main sections, the first being concerned with the historical aspects of compilations of spectral information. The second part is based on 232 wavelength scans of 70 elements. Each of the wavelength scans covers an 80 nm spectral region. These scans allow a rapid comparison of the background and spectral line intensities emitted in the ICP and provide a ready means for identifying the most prominent lines of each element and for estimating the trace element analytical capabilities of these lines. A listing of 973 prominent lines with associated detection limits is also given. The third part addresses the problem of spectral interferences and contains a detailed collection of coincidence profiles for 281 of the most prominent lines, each with profiles of 10 of the most prevalent comcomitants superposed. These profiles illustrate normal line overlap interferences as well as clarify interferences arising from recombination continua, line broadening, background features (argon and hydrogen lines and molecular bands), and of special significance, interferences arising from numerous lines not listed in the major wavelength tables. The 10 elements chosen as interferents cover a large number of the interferences that will be encountered in the analysis of samples of biological, environmental, and geological origin.
|Basic Data of Plasma Physics: The Fundamental Data on Electrical Discharges in Gases (AVS Classics in Vacuum Science and Technology)
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Author: Sanborn C. Brown
Brand: Brand: American Institute of Physics
Market: Scientists, engineers, and graduate students involved in the phenomenon of plasma physics. This 1966 reference work is a compilation of some of the most important plasma physics measurements published during the late 1950s and the early 1960s. It offers a wealth of useful information on elastic-collision and charge- transfer cross sections, mobility and diffusion, electron attachment and detachment, and recombination. Numerous fundamental principles make this a much-consulted handbook on the physical phenomena, measurements, and properties of plasma physics.
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|Kinetic Theory of Gases and Plasmas (Fundamental Theories of Physics)
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Author: PPJM Schram
Brand: P P J M Schram
Kinetic theory is the link between the non--equilibrium statistical mechanics of many particle systems and macroscopic or phenomenological physics. Therefore much attention is paid in this book both to the derivation of kinetic equations with their limitations and generalizations on the one hand, and to the use of kinetic theory for the description of physical phenomena and the calculation of transport coefficients on the other hand. The book is meant for researchers in the field, graduate students and advanced undergraduate students. At the end of each chapter a section of exercises is added not only for the purpose of providing the reader with the opportunity to test his understanding of the theory and his ability to apply it, but also to complete the chapter with relevant additions and examples that otherwise would have overburdened the main text of the preceding sections. The author is indebted to the physicists who taught him Statistical Mechanics, Kinetic Theory, Plasma Physics and Fluid Mechanics. I gratefully acknowledge the fact that much of the inspiration without which this book would not have been possible, originated from what I learned from several outstanding teachers. In particular I want to mention the late Prof. dr. H. C. Brinkman, who directed my first steps in the field of theoretical plasma physics, my thesis advisor Prof. dr. N. G. Van Kampen and Prof. dr. A. N. Kaufman, whose course on Non-Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics in Berkeley I remember with delight.
- Kinetic Theory Of Gases And Plasmas
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Brand: Peter D Drummond Z Spicek
Covers the new field of squeezing in quantum fields, encompassing all types of systems in which quantum fluctuations are reduced below those in the normal vacuum state. The first comprehensive overview of the field, it presents the currently known techniques of generating squeezed photon fields, together with treatments of matter field squeezing. Both theory and experiments are treated, together with applications to communications and measurement.