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Nuclear Chemistry


Crucibles: The Story of Chemistry from Ancient Alchemy to Nuclear Fission

Crucibles: The Story of Chemistry from Ancient Alchemy to Nuclear Fission Lowest new price: $10.86
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Author: Bernard Jaffe
Brand: Bernard Jaffe

This book is a classic in the field of popular science. Standard reading since the 1930s, it is one of the few historeis of chemistry to concentrate on the lives of the great chemists. Through these dramatic and human stories, it gives an authoritative and entertaining account of the great discoveries and advances in this scientific field. After many printings in three previous editions, this book has been newly revised by the author for this fourth edition.
Beginning with Trevisan and his lifelong search for the "philosopher's stone," the author narrates the lives and discoveries of such towering figures as Paracelsus and his chemical treatment of disease; Priestley looking for phlogiston and finding oxygen and carbon dioxide, Lavoisier creating a new language of chemistry; Dalton and his Atomic Theory; Avogadro and the idea of molecules, Mendeleeff arranging the table of elements under his Periodic Law; the Curies isolating radium; Thomson discovering the electron; Moseley and his Law of Atomic Numbers; Lawrence and the construction of the cyclotron; and more. Probably the most dramatic chapter in the book, the account of the development of nuclear fission, ends the story of chemistry at its most monumental achievement. A final chapter discusses some of the consequences of nuclear fission, the discovery of nuclear fusion, and the recent work with subatomic particles.
Bernard Jaffe is the author of many other science books and several science textbooks. Upon the original publication of this book, Mr. Jaffe received the Francis Bacon Award for the Humanizing of Knowledge. The American Chemical Society's History of Chemistry Division honored him in 1973 with its Dexter Award for "distinguished achievement in the history of chemistry."

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  • Crucibles The Story of Chemistry from Ancient Alchemy to Nuclear Fission

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Guidelines for Achieving High Accuracy in Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry (IDMS)

Guidelines for Achieving High Accuracy in Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry (IDMS) Lowest new price: $68.07
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Author: M. Sargent
Brand: Brand: RSC

The isotope dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS) technique is well known and widely reported in the literature. However, its application can present considerable difficulties with regard to obtaining reliable results. Produced jointly by the Royal Society of Chemistry's Analytical Methods Committee and the Valid Analytical Measurement (VAM) programme, the aim of this book is to provide a simplified yet robust methodology, together with adequate guidance, to enable laboratories wishing to use the technique to obtain reliable data. The methodologies, for inorganic and organic mass spectrometry, which use exact and approximate matching, are illustrated with worked examples and clear diagrammatic representations. A comprehensive glossary of terms, references to key publications and an extensive IDMS bibliography are also provided. Clear and comprehensive in coverage, Guidelines for Achieving High Accuracy in Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry (IDMS) will provide valuable assistance to a wide variety of analytical chemists interested in applying the IDMS technique to their own measurement applications.

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  • Used Book in Good Condition


NMR: THE TOOLKIT: How Pulse Sequences Work (Oxford Chemistry Primers)

NMR: THE TOOLKIT: How Pulse Sequences Work (Oxford Chemistry Primers) Lowest new price: $26.08
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Author: Peter Hore

Part of the renowned Oxford Chemistry Primer series, NMR: The Toolkit succinctly describes the range of NMR techniques commonly used in modern research to probe the structures and properties of molecules in liquids. Emphasis is placed throughout on how these experiments actually work, giving a unique perspective on this powerful experimental tool.

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Radioactive Substances (Great Minds Paperback Series)

Radioactive Substances (Great Minds Paperback Series) Lowest new price: $54.41
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Author: Marie Curie
Brand: Brand: Prometheus Books

Pioneering scientist and winner of two Nobel Prizes Marie Curie describes in this interesting firsthand account the painstaking laboratory research that led to her discovery of radium and other radioactive substances. This groundbreaking work in the area of natural radioactivity, done in partnership with her husband, Pierre Curie, proved to be an important milestone in understanding the structure of matter.

Born Marie Sklodowska in Warsaw, Poland, she emigrated to Paris at the age of twenty-four and enrolled in the Sorbonne after being refused admission by the University of Warsaw because she was a woman. In France she met her husband, a fellow scientist, and together they conducted the laboratory investigations on radioactive substances that would later make them famous. 1903 was a banner year for both of them. Based on her work with radium she earned a doctorate of science, and their joint research was awarded the Davy Medal from the Royal Society. Then in the same year Marie and Pierre, along with Henri Becquerel, shared the Nobel Prize for Physics for the discovery of radioactivity.

When Pierre died tragically in 1906 from an automobile accident, Marie was appointed by the Sorbonne to fill his professorship, and thus she became the first female member of the faculty in the 650-year history of the university. Despite the great loss of her husband and the burden of having to raise two daughters alone, Marie carried on the work that she and Pierre had begun. In 1910, her fundamental treatise on radioactivity was published, and in 1911 she was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for the isolation of pure radium.

Unfortunately, her many years of close work with radioactive substances eventually had deleterious health consequences and finally in 1934 she died of leukemia. This story of her work, told in her own words, reveals a courageous and dedicated scientist who gave everything for the advance of science.

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  • Used Book in Good Condition

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Photodynamic Medicine: From Bench to Clinic (Comprehensive Series in Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences)

Photodynamic Medicine: From Bench to Clinic (Comprehensive Series in Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences) Lowest new price: $218.65
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Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is increasingly being used amongst health practitioners in combating a variety of diseases. This book reviews the current state of development of PDT, and also presents the foreseeable advancements of the field in the next decade. Practitioners in biological sciences, biotechnology and medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry will find this book an invaluable source of information.
Chapters are drawn from research discussed at the 10th International Symposium on Photodynamic Therapy and Photodiagnosis in Clinical Practice in Brixen and are written and edited by leaders in the field. Mirroring the philosophy of that meeting, this book contains an informative balance of the basic science and clinical applications of PDT. Following an introduction to PDT, its history, and how techniques have developed, chapters serve as a practical guide for practitioners, covering topics such as sensitizer dosage and light dosage, and examples of relevant studies. The text goes further to explore areas outside the medical field, such as the impact of PDT on society and the environment, and the economics of therapies.
This book is dedicated to the memory of Professor Giulio Jori, an expert in this field, who sadly passed away on the 23rd December 2014.


Wormwood Forest: A Natural History of Chernobyl

Wormwood Forest: A Natural History of Chernobyl Lowest new price: $55.91
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Author: Mary Mycio

When a titanic explosion ripped through the Number Four reactor at the Chernobyl Nuclear Plant in 1986, spewing flames and chunks of burning, radioactive material into the atmosphere, one of our worst nightmares came true. As the news gradually seeped out of the USSR and the extent of the disaster was realized, it became clear how horribly wrong things had gone. Dozens died - two from the explosion and many more from radiation illness during the following months - while scores of additional victims came down with acute radiation sickness. Hundreds of thousands were evacuated from the most contaminated areas. The prognosis for Chernobyl and its environs - succinctly dubbed the Zone of Alienation - was grim.

Today, 20 years after the worst nuclear power plant accident in history, intrepid journalist Mary Mycio dons dosimeter and camouflage protective gear to explore the world's most infamous radioactive wilderness. As she tours the Zone to report on the disaster's long-term effects on its human, faunal, and floral inhabitants, she meets pockets of defiant local residents who have remained behind to survive and make a life in the Zone. And she is shocked to discover that the area surrounding Chernobyl has become Europe's largest wildlife sanctuary, a flourishing - at times unearthly - wilderness teeming with large animals and a variety of birds, many of them members of rare and endangered species. Like the forests, fields, and swamps of their unexpectedly inviting habitat, both the people and the animals are all radioactive. Cesium-137 is packed in their muscles and strontium-90 in their bones. But quite astonishingly, they are also thriving.

If fears of the Apocalypse and a lifeless, barren radioactive future have been constant companions of the nuclear age, Chernobyl now shows us a different view of the future. A vivid blend of reportage, popular science, and illuminating encounters that explode the myths of Chernobyl with facts that are at once beautiful and horrible, Wormwood Forest brings a remarkable land - and its people and animals - to life to tell a unique story of science, surprise and suspense.

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Nanostructured and Photoelectrochemical Systems for Solar Photon Conversion, Vol. 3

Nanostructured and Photoelectrochemical Systems for Solar Photon Conversion, Vol. 3 Lowest new price: $211.57
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Author: Mary D. Archer

In this book, expert authors describe advanced solar photon conversion approaches that promise highly efficient photovoltaic and photoelectrochemical cells with sophisticated architectures on the one hand, and plastic photovoltaic coatings that are inexpensive enough to be disposable on the other. Their leitmotifs include light-induced exciton generation, junction architectures that lead to efficient exciton dissociation, and charge collection by percolation through mesoscale phases. Photocatalysis is closely related to photoelectrochemistry, and the fundamentals of both disciplines are covered in this volume.

Contents: Overview (M D Archer); Fundamentals in Photoelectrochemistry (R J D Miller & R Memming); Fundamentals and Applications of Quantum-Confined Structures (A J Nozik); Fundamentals and Applications in Electron-Transfer Reactions (M D Archer); Fundamentals in Metal-Oxide Heterogeneous Photocatalysis (N Serpone & A V Emeline); Inorganic Extended-Junction Devices (R Könenkamp); Organic Donor Acceptor Heterojunction Solar Cells (J J Benson-Smith & J Nelson); Dye-Sensitised Mesoscopic Solar Cells (M Grätzel & J R Durrant); Semiconductor/Liquid Junction Photoelectrochemical Solar Cells (S Maldonado et al.); Photoelectrochemical Storage Cells (S Licht & G Hodes); Measuring Ultrafast Photoinduced Electron-Transfer Dynamics (X Ai & T Lian); Experimental Techniques in Photoelectrochemistry (L M Peter & H Tributsch).


Reaction Kinetics and Reactor Design, Second Edition (Chemical Industries)

Reaction Kinetics and Reactor Design, Second Edition (Chemical Industries) Lowest new price: $120.88
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Author: John B. Butt
Brand: Brand: CRC Press

This text combines a description of the origin and use of fundamental chemical kinetics through an assessment of realistic reactor problems with an expanded discussion of kinetics and its relation to chemical thermodynamics. It provides exercises, open-ended situations drawing on creative thinking, and worked-out examples. A solutions manual is also available to instructors.

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  • Used Book in Good Condition

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Transuranium People, The: The Inside Story

Transuranium People, The: The Inside Story Lowest new price: $162.45
Lowest used price: $94.50
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Author: Albert Ghiorso
Brand: Brand: World Scientific Publishing Company

In this highly interesting book, three pioneering investigators provide an account of the discovery and investigation of the nuclear and chemical properties of the twenty presently known transuranium elements. The neutron irradiation of uranium led to the discovery of nuclear fission in 1938 and then to the first transuranium element, neptunium (atomic number 93), in 1940. Plutonium (94) quickly followed and the next nine elements completed the actinide series by 1961. Investigation of the chemical properties of the actinides was followed more recently by chemical studies of the first three transactinides — rutherfordium (104), hahnium (105), and seaborgium (106). Recent discoveries have extended the known elements to 112.

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  • Used Book in Good Condition


The Elements Beyond Uranium

The Elements Beyond Uranium Lowest new price: $74.08
Lowest used price: $14.26
List price: $247.00
Author: Glenn T. Seaborg
Brand: Glenn Theodore Seaborg Walter D Loveland

Written by Glenn T. Seaborg, Nobel Laureate and pre-eminent figure in the field, with the assistance of Walter D. Loveland, it covers all aspects of transuranium elements, including their discovery, chemical properties, nuclear properties, nuclear synthesis reactions, experimental techniques, natural occurrence, superheavy elements, and predictions for the future. Published on the fiftieth anniversary of the discovery of transuranium elements, it conveys the essence of the ideas and distinctive blend of theory and experiment that has marked their study.

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  • The Elements Beyond Uranium


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