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Geochemistry


Single Piles in Liquefiable Ground: Seismic Response and Numerical Analysis Methods (Springer Theses)

Single Piles in Liquefiable Ground: Seismic Response and Numerical Analysis Methods (Springer Theses) Lowest new price: $62.51
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Author: Rui Wang
Brand: Wang Rui

This thesis focuses on the seismic response of piles in liquefiable ground. It describes the design of a three-dimensional, unified plasticity model for large post-liquefaction shear deformation of sand, formulated and implemented for parallel computing. It also presents a three-dimensional, dynamic finite element analysis method for piles in liquefiable ground, developed on the basis of this model,. Employing a combination of case analysis, centrifuge shaking table experiments and numerical simulations using the proposed methods, it demonstrates the seismic response patterns of single piles in liquefiable ground. These include basic force-resistance mode, kinematic and inertial interaction coupling mechanism and major influence factors. It also discusses a beam on the nonlinear Winkler foundation (BNWF) solution and a modified neutral plane solution developed and validated using centrifuge experiments for piles in consolidating and reconsolidating ground. Lastly, it studies axial pile force and settlement during post-earthquake reconsolidation, showing pile axial force to be  irrelevant in the reconsolidation process, while settlement is process dependent.

Features:

  • Single Piles in Liquefiable Ground Seismic Response and Numerical Analysis Methods Springer Theses


Geochemistry: Pathways and Processes

Geochemistry: Pathways and Processes Lowest new price: $62.56
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Author: Harry McSween

Written expressly for undergraduate and graduate geologists, this book focuses on how geochemical principles can be used to solve practical problems. The attention to problem-solving reflects the authors'belief that showing how theory is useful in solving real-life problems is vital for learning. The book gives students a thorough grasp of the basic principles of the subject, balancing the traditional equilibrium perspective and the kinetic viewpoint.

The first half of the book considers processes in which temperature and pressure are nearly constant. After introductions to the laws of thermodynamics, to fundamental equations for flow and diffusion, and to solution chemistry, these principles are used to investigate diagenesis, weathering, and natural waters. The second half of the book applies thermodynamics and kinetics to systems undergoing changes in temperature and pressure during magmatism and metamorphism. This revised edition incorporates new geochemical discoveries as examples of processes and pathways, with new chapters on mineral structure and bonding and on organic matter and biomarkers. Each chapter has worked problems, and the authors assume that the student has had a year of college-level chemistry and a year of calculus.

Praise for the first edition

"A truly modern geochemistry book.... Very well written and quite enjoyable to read.... An excellent basic text for graduate level instruction in geochemistry." ―Journal of Geological Education

"An up-to-date, broadly conceived introduction to geochemistry.... Given the recent flowering of geochemistry as an interdisciplinary science, and given the extent to which it now draws upon the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics to understand earth and planetary processes, this timely and rigorous [book] is welcome indeed." ―Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta

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The Geology of the Guiana Shield (Oxford Monographs on Geology and Geophysics)

The Geology of the Guiana Shield (Oxford Monographs on Geology and Geophysics) Lowest new price: $193.95
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Author: Allan K. Gibbs

The Guiana Shield is an area of special importance, especially to those concerned with Precambrian geology because it provides a perspective on a part of Earth history not well represented elsewhere. For economic geologists, its mineral resource potential is just beginning to be understood. This overview of current knowledge will greatly help geologists already working in the area, draw attention to the need for mineral exploration research, and encourage the inclusion of the Shield in future Precambrian studies.


Introduction to Isotope Hydrology: Stable and Radioactive Isotopes of Hydrogen, Carbon, and Oxygen (IAH - International Contributions to Hydrogeology)

Introduction to Isotope Hydrology: Stable and Radioactive Isotopes of Hydrogen, Carbon, and Oxygen (IAH - International Contributions to Hydrogeology) Lowest new price: $125.95
Lowest used price: $177.99
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Author: Willem G. Mook

The application of natural isotopes, stable as well as radioactive, has become a widespread tool for hydrological research, especially surface- and groundwater behaviour and exploration. By far the most common isotopes applied are those of the elements of hydrogen, oxygen and carbon, crucial in the water cycle. The concentration ratios of the stable isotopes in water vary, depending on the source of the water and natural processes such as evaporation and condensation. Radioactive isotopes may provide indications,depending on natural conditions, of the source of water and age, i.e. the time elapsed since infiltration. This is a textbook, explaining in a simple, but mathematically, physically and chemically correct form, the consequences of natural processes to stable isotope concentrations and radioactivities. After a broadly theoretical introduction, the elements of the water cycle are treated successively: Precipitation: globally, regionally and locally; Different forms of surface water: rivers, rivulets and small streams, lakes and stagnant waters, estuaries and the sea; Groundwater: infiltration and groundwater flow. The book is intended for students in the Earth Sciences, especially in Hydrology; trainees from developing countries; laboratory technicians and assistants; engineers involved in (geo)hydrological fieldwork and anyone who starts his work in natural abundances of stable or radioactive isotopes.


Gems, Fifth Edition

Gems, Fifth Edition Lowest new price: $357.95
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Author: Peter G Read

Since it was first published in 1962 `Gems', written by Robert Webster and revised in its fourth edition by Basil Anderson, has become universally recognised as the most comprehensive and authoritative treatise on gem materials in the English language.
In this fifth edition, edited by Peter Read, the forty chapters, appendices and tables have been revised by fifteen gemmologists chosen for their expertise in the relevant sections.


Aimed at the professional jeweller and student gemmologist, Gems also caters for the collector of gems and the layperson who is interested in precious stones.

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Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering: Simplified Analyses with Case Studies and Examples (Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering)

Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering: Simplified Analyses with Case Studies and Examples (Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering) Lowest new price: $58.66
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Author: Milutin Srbulov
Brand: Milutin Srbulov


... "Included on the Choice list with the outstanding academic Earth Sciences titles 2008" ...

This volume describes simplified dynamic analyses that bridge the gap between the rather limited provisions of design codes and the rather eclectic methods used in sophisticated analyses. Graphs and spreadsheets are included for the ease and speed of use of simplified analyses of:

  • soil slope (in)stability and displacements caused by earthquakes,
  • sand liquefaction and flow caused by earthquakes,
  • dynamic soil-foundation interaction,
  • bearing capacity and additional settlement of shallow foundations,
  • earthquake motion effects on tunnels and shafts,
  • frequent liquefaction potential mitigation measures.

A number of comments on the assumptions used in different methods, limitation and factors affecting the results are given. Several case histories are also included in the appendices in order to assess the accuracy and usefulness of the simplified methods.

Audience
This work is of interest to geotechnical engineers, engineering geologists, earthquake engineers and students.

Features:

  • Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering Simplified Analyses with Case Studies and Examples Vol 9


Materials for Sustainable Infrastructure: Proceedings of the 1st GeoMEast International Congress and Exhibition, Egypt 2017 on Sustainable Civil Infrastructures

Materials for Sustainable Infrastructure: Proceedings of the 1st GeoMEast International Congress and Exhibition, Egypt 2017 on Sustainable Civil Infrastructures Lowest new price: $219.00
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This volume includes a unique group of chapters focusing on new advances in materials for infrastructure sustainability. Chapters have been well-organized and handled by a group of international experts in order to discuss a timely topic with regards to the sustainable infrastructures. This volume is part of the proceedings of the 1st GeoMEast International Congress and Exhibition on Sustainable Civil Infrastructures, Egypt 2017.


Biogeochemistry: An Analysis of Global Change, 3rd Edition

Biogeochemistry: An Analysis of Global Change, 3rd Edition Lowest new price: $70.05
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Author: W.H. Schlesinger
Brand: Brand: Academic Press

Biogeochemistry―winner of a 2014 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from the Text and Academic Authors Association―considers how the basic chemical conditions of the Earth, from atmosphere to soil to seawater, have been and are being affected by the existence of life. Human activities in particular, from the rapid consumption of resources to the destruction of the rainforests and the expansion of smog-covered cities, are leading to rapid changes in the basic chemistry of the Earth.

This expansive text pulls together the numerous fields of study encompassed by biogeochemistry to analyze the increasing demands of the growing human population on limited resources and the resulting changes in the planet's chemical makeup.

The book helps students extrapolate small-scale examples to the global level, and also discusses the instrumentation being used by NASA and its role in studies of global change. With extensive cross-referencing of chapters, figures and tables, and an interdisciplinary coverage of the topic at hand, this updated edition provides an excellent framework for courses examining global change and environmental chemistry, and is also a useful self-study guide.

  • Winner of a 2014 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association
  • Calculates and compares the effects of industrial emissions, land clearing, agriculture, and rising population on Earth's chemistry
  • Synthesizes the global cycles of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, and sulfur, and suggests the best current budgets for atmospheric gases such as ammonia, nitrous oxide, dimethyl sulfide, and carbonyl sulfide
  • Includes an extensive review and up-to-date synthesis of the current literature on the Earth's biogeochemistry

Features:

  • Used Book in Good Condition

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The Long Thaw: How Humans Are Changing the Next 100,000 Years of Earth’s Climate (Princeton Science Library)

The Long Thaw: How Humans Are Changing the Next 100,000 Years of Earth’s Climate (Princeton Science Library) Lowest new price: $9.07
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Author: David Archer
Brand: Archer David

The human impact on Earth's climate is often treated as a hundred-year issue lasting as far into the future as 2100, the year in which most climate projections cease. In The Long Thaw, David Archer, one of the world’s leading climatologists, reveals the hard truth that these changes in climate will be "locked in," essentially forever.

If you think that global warming means slightly hotter weather and a modest rise in sea levels that will persist only so long as fossil fuels hold out (or until we decide to stop burning them), think again. In The Long Thaw, David Archer predicts that if we continue to emit carbon dioxide we may eventually cancel the next ice age and raise the oceans by 50 meters. A human-driven, planet-wide thaw has already begun, and will continue to impact Earth’s climate and sea level for hundreds of thousands of years. The great ice sheets in Antarctica and Greenland may take more than a century to melt, and the overall change in sea level will be one hundred times what is forecast for 2100. By comparing the global warming projection for the next century to natural climate changes of the distant past, and then looking into the future far beyond the usual scientific and political horizon of the year 2100, Archer reveals the hard truths of the long-term climate forecast.

Archer shows how just a few centuries of fossil-fuel use will cause not only a climate storm that will last a few hundred years, but dramatic climate changes that will last thousands. Carbon dioxide emitted today will be a problem for millennia. For the first time, humans have become major players in shaping the long-term climate. In fact, a planetwide thaw driven by humans has already begun. But despite the seriousness of the situation, Archer argues that it is still not too late to avert dangerous climate change--if humans can find a way to cooperate as never before.

Revealing why carbon dioxide may be an even worse gamble in the long run than in the short, this compelling and critically important book brings the best long-term climate science to a general audience for the first time.

With a new preface that discusses recent advances in climate science, and the impact on global warming and climate change, The Long Thaw shows that it is still not too late to avert dangerous climate change―if we can find a way to cooperate as never before.

Features:

  • The Long Thaw How Humans Are Changing the Next 100 000 Years of Earth s Climate Princeton Science Library

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The Transantarctic Mountains: Rocks, Ice, Meteorites and Water

The Transantarctic Mountains: Rocks, Ice, Meteorites and Water Lowest new price: $78.55
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List price: $279.00
Author: Gunter Faure
Brand: Brand: Springer Netherlands

This book presents a summary of the geology of the Transantarctic Mountains for Earth scientists who may want to work there or who need an overview of the geologic history of this region. In addition, the properties of the East Antarctic ice sheet and of the meteorites that accumulate on its surface are treated in separate chapters. The presentation ends with the Cenozoic glaciation of the Transantarctic Mountains including the limnology and geochemical evolution of the saline lakes in the ice-free valleys.

• The subject matter in this book is presented in chronological order starting about 750 million years ago and continuing to the present time.
• The chapters can be read selectively because the introduction to each chapter identifies the context that gives relevance to the subject matter to be discussed.
• The text is richly illustrated with 330 original line drawings as well as with 182 color maps and photographs.
• The book contains indexes of both subject matter and of authors’ names that allow it to be used as an encyclopedia of the Transantarctic Mountains and of the East Antarctic ice sheet.
• Most of the chapters are supplemented by Appendices containing data tables, additional explanations of certain phenomena (e.g., the formation and seasonal destruction of stratospheric ozone), and illustrative calculations (e.g., 38Cl dates of meteorites).
• The authors have spent a combined total of fourteen field seasons between 1964 and 1995 doing geological research in the Transantarctic Mountains with logistical support by the US Antarctic Program.
• Although Antarctica is remote and inaccessible, tens of thousands of scientists of many nationalities and their assistants have worked there and even larger numbers of investigators will work there in the future.

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  • Used Book in Good Condition


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