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    Elements of Change 1998 (Innovative Energy Strategies for CO2 Stabilization and Climate Extremes: Changes, Impacts and Projections)

    Elements of Change 1998 (Innovative Energy Strategies for CO2 Stabilization and Climate Extremes: Changes, Impacts and Projections)

    Elements of Change 1998: Innovative Energy Strategies for CO2 Stabilization and Climate Extremes: Changes, Impacts and Projections comprises fifty-two essays from over fifty of the world’s leading global change researchers. It is one in a series of books published as a result of the Aspen Global Change Institute’s Summer Science Sessions. The book is broken down into two parts that correspond to two different meetings.

    The first part of the book, Innovative Energy Strategies for CO2 Stabilization, explores the potential for renewable energies to reduce global carbon emissions. Currently, 95% of the world’s energy is produced by the burning of fossil fuels and is used mainly to operate vehicles, heat our homes and businesses, and to power factories. Each year 6 GtC of CO2 are pumped out into the atmosphere and it is predicted that CO2 levels will rise to twice the pre-industrial concentration over the next 50 years. Evidence of the resulting change in climate are included, but more so, it addresses the research, development, and implementation of technologies that will allow us to power the world’s energy needs through emissions-free, renewable energies that do not contribute to global warming. Leading researchers such as Martin Hoffert, Ken Caldeira, Gene Berry, Gregg Marland, and Amory Lovins discuss such possibilities as solar power, biomass energy systems, hydrogen power, wind power, geothermal power, nuclear fusion and fission, and hydroelectric power. Dave Criswell covers the more "futuristic" technology of beaming energy back to earth through space-based and lunar-based solar collectors in his essay. Collectively, the essays answer such questions as: Are alternate forms of energy technologically feasible, how quickly can such technologies be implemented, and are these technologies economically feasible?

    The second part of the book, Climate Extremes: Changes, Impacts and Projections, explores the occurrence of extreme weather events such as hurricanes, tornadoes, droughts, and floods. More importantly, the essays explore the change in the frequency and intensity of such events and how the changing trends affect our environment and society. For example, David Changon discusses property and crop losses due to severe storms in the second half of the 20th century. Are the increased losses due to an increase in storm severity or frequency or can they be attributed to an increase in population and societal vulnerability? Likewise, can an increase in storm severity and frequency be attributed to an increase of CO2 in the atmosphere and global warming trends or is it just normal regional trends? Other authors include Roger Pielke, Jr., Thomas R. Knutson, Linda Mearns, David Easterling, Thomas Karl, and Roger Pulwarty. Climate Extremes also addresses the effects of climate change on biodiversity. Acclaimed researcher Terry Root discusses how bird populations are shifting their ranges northward and altering their migration patterns and Camille Parmesan illustrates how butterflies are similarly affected by climate change

    The Elements of Change 1998 is packed with invaluable text, graphs, charts, and photos that convey the current science surrounding global climate change. It also includes a chart of common acronyms, chemical symbols, and useful unit abbreviations. The Elements of Change 1998 is a must for graduate students and anyone interested in climate change science.


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