|Handbook of Atmospheric Science: Principles and Applications
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The alarming consequences of global climate change have highlighted the need to take urgent steps to combat the causes of air pollution. Hence, understanding the Earth's atmosphere is a vital component in Man's emerging quest for developing sustainable modes of behaviour in the 21st century.
Written by a team of expert scientists, the Handbook of Atmospheric Science provides a broad and up-to-date account of our understanding of the natural processes that occur within the atmosphere. It examines how Man’s activities have had a detrimental effect on the climate, and how measures may be implemented in order to modify these activities. The book progresses through chapters covering the principles of atmospheric science and the current problems of air pollution at the urban, regional and global scales, to the tools and applications used to understand air pollution.
The Handbook of Atmospheric Science offers an excellent overview of this multi-disciplinary subject and will prove invaluable to both students and researchers of atmospheric science, air pollution and global change.
|Canon of Insolation and the Ice-Age Problem
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Author: Milankovic (Milankovitch) Milutin
The original edition of "The Canon" was published in German (1941). It was translated into Serbian (1997), into English in Jerusalem (1969), and finally into English in Belgrade (1998). The present review is based on Balgrade translation edited by the Textbook Publishing Company, Belgrade. The book has 634 pages, 57 illustrations, 28 tables and 1338 equations.This paper it seeks to give a general overview of Milankovich s accomplishments. the aacount does not follow the historical order of his discoveries, but the order as they appear in "The Canon". The translations quoted in this paper are from the English edition of 1998.
"The Canon" was an interdisciplinary, work between mathematics, astronomy, geophysics and geology. With astronomical methods, Milankovich solved the problems of the secular perturbations in the movements of the Earth; with geophysical methods he solved the law of the Earth s insolation: while with geological methods he studied succession and the history of Quaternary glaciations.
|The Rotation of the Earth: A Geophysical Discussion (Cambridge Monographs on Mechanics)
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Author: Walter H. Munk
This book gives an account of certain observed irregularities on the rotation of the Earth, both in its rate of rotation (giving a variable length of day) and in the position of its axis. These irregularities are caused by events on and within the Earth and provide a means of studying a number of geophysical problems. Seasonal shifts in air masses and variable winds are causes of short-period fluctuations in the rotation. Climatic changes and their attendant sea levels are in part responsible for long-term fluctuations. Modern observations of the Moon and descriptions of ancient elipses both establish a secular increase in the length of day. The interpretation involves atmospheric, oceanic and bodily tides. The book provides a unified treatment of the rotation of the Earth, making this method of studying geophysical phenomena more readily accessible to geophysicists and others.
|The Excitation and Propagation of Elastic Waves (Cambridge Monographs on Mechanics)
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Author: J. A. Hudson
This paperback edition of Dr Hudson's advanced textbook presents the theory of small disturbances propagating through solids. The material is set out carefully in mathematical detail. The linearised theory of elasticity has now been replaced by a more fundamental approach based on a generalised theory of continuum mechanics. Despite this change of emphasis in solid mechanics there remain important areas of physics in which the linear theory is clearly of fundamental importance, especially in seismology, noise analysis and the non-destructive testing of materials. This is a textbook suitable for advanced undergraduates in a variety of disciplines, including applied mathematics, applied physics, geophysics and structural and civil engineering. The book is of particular interest to seismologists and physicists engaged in non-destructive testing.
|Nonlinear Dynamics and Statistical Theories for Basic Geophysical Flows
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Author: Professor Andrew Majda
Brand: Brand: Cambridge University Press
This introduction to the important interplay between nonlinear dynamics and statistical theories for geophysical flows is designed for a multi-disciplinary audience ranging from graduate students to senior researchers. Novel applications of information theory are utilized to simplify, unify, and compare the equilibrium statistical theories. Topics and related background concepts are introduced and developed through elementary examples and discussion throughout the text as they arise. No previous background in geophysical flows is needed to read the text.
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|Super-Deep Continental Drilling and Deep Geophysical Sounding (Exploration of the Deep Continental Crust)
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Author: K. Fuchs
The articles in this volume were selected from a series of reports delivered in the So viet Union at Yaroslavl during the International Seminar "Super-deep drilling and deep geophysical research", which was organized and held in August 1988 by the Ministry of Geology of the USSR, jointly with the Inter-Union Commission on the Lithosphere. One of the most important problems of modem geology, is the state and prospects of further development of deep continental structure investigations, was discussed at the seminar with the participation of 245 scientists and specialists from 19 countries. At the plenary and sectional meetings of the seminar, 83 reports were delivered, discussions on the most interesting problems were organized, the exchange of ideas between the leading scientists a round table took place in discussion. The distinctive feature of the present collection of articles is the wide scope of the investigation of the Earth's crust. The reports elucidate such subjects of world impor tance as (1) achievements in implementation of major scientific programs investi gating deep Earth structure and plans for their further materialization; (2) theoretical problems of carrying out geological-geophysical explorations and drilling operations; and (3) new approaches to the study of the Earth's interior. The results of deep inves tigations of individual countries and organizations are considered, and concrete tech nical elaboration, methods of work execution, etc. are discussed.
|Sea Ice: An Introduction to its Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Geology
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Sea ice, which covers up to 7% of the planet’s surface, is a major component of the world’s oceans, partly driving ocean circulation and global climate patterns. It provides a habitat for a rich diversity of marine organisms, and is an extremely valuable source of information in studies of global climate change and the evolution of present day life forms. Increasingly sea ice is being used as a proxy for extraterrestrial ice covered systems.
Sea Ice provides a comprehensive review of our current available knowledge of polar pack ice, the study of which is severely constrained by the logistic difficulties of working in such harsh and remote regions of the earth. The book’s editors, Drs Thomas and Dieckmann have drawn together an impressive group of international contributing authors, providing a well-edited and integrated volume, which will stand for many years as the standard work on the subject. Contents of the book include details of the growth, microstructure and properties of sea ice, large-scale variations in thickness and characteristics, its primary production, micro-and macrobiology, sea ice as a habitat for birds and mammals, sea ice biogeochemistry, particulate flux, and the distribution and significance of palaeo sea ice.
Sea Ice is an essential purchase for oceanographers and marine scientists, environmental scientists, biologists, geochemists and geologists. All those involved in the study of global climate change will find this book to contain a wealth of important information. All libraries in universities and research establishments where these subjects are studied and taught will need multiple copies on their shelves.
David Thomas is at the School of Ocean Sciences, University of Wales, Bangor, UK.
Gerhard Dieckmann is at the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
|Free Oscillations of the Earth (Cambridge Monographs on Mechanics)
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Author: Ernest Ralph Lapwood
derived from the field equation
|Applied Geodesy: Global Positioning System : Networks, Particle Accelerators, Mathematical Geodesy (Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences)
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1987 Springer. Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences 12. Lg.8vo., 393pp., wraps. Remainder slash on lower fore-edge, VG. slight cover wear; no owner marks.
|Mechanics in the Earth and Environmental Sciences
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Author: Gerard V. Middleton
Brand: Brand: Cambridge University Press
The study of the Earth and the environment requires an understanding of the physical processes within and at the surface of the Earth. This book will allow the student to develop a broad working knowledge of mechanics and its application to the earth and environmental sciences. The mathematics are introduced at a level that assumes only an understanding of first-year calculus. The concepts are then developed to allow an understanding of the basic physics for a wide range of natural processes. These are illustrated by examples from many real situations, such as the application of the theory of flow through porous media to the study of groundwater, the viscosity of fluids to the flow of lava, and the theory of stress to the study of faults. The breadth of topics will allow students and professionals to gain an insight into the workings of many aspects of the Earth's systems.
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