Nonlinear Dynamics and Statistical Theories for Basic Geophysical Flows
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Author: Professor Andrew Majda
Brand: Brand: Cambridge University Press

This introduction to the important interplay between nonlinear dynamics and statistical theories for geophysical flows is designed for a multidisciplinary audience ranging from graduate students to senior researchers. Novel applications of information theory are utilized to simplify, unify, and compare the equilibrium statistical theories. Topics and related background concepts are introduced and developed through elementary examples and discussion throughout the text as they arise. No previous background in geophysical flows is needed to read the text.
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Seismic Wave Propagation in Stratified Media (Cambridge Monographs on Mechanics)
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Author: B. L. N. Kennett

The success of this book stems from its clear and concise, yet detailed summary of the advances in seismic source studies during the past two decades. Dr Kennett presents a mainly theoretical account of the passage of seismic waves from source to receiver, linking the theoretical development to the nature of seismograms observed across a wide range of distance scales  from a few kilometres, as in shallow reflection work for geophysical prospecting, to many thousands of kilometres for earthquakes. A unified framework is presented for all classes of seismic phenomena, for both body waves and surface waves. Each topic is taken up systematically, including many topics not normally covered in discussion of propagator theory, such as source representation theory, generalised ray theory, and the calculation of complete theoretical seismograms including all wave effects arising from the presence of the Earth's surface.


The Earth's Variable Rotation: Geophysical Causes and Consequences (Cambridge Monographs on Mechanics)
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Author: Kurt Lambeck

Astronomers have long noted that the Earth does not rotate uniformly about an axis fixed in the planet, that both the lengthofday and the direction of the rotation axis vary periodically and irregularly by small amounts. These variations are an immediate consequence of the Earth not being a rigid body. In this book Professor Lambeck discusses the irregular nature of this motion and the geophysical mechanisms responsible for it. A complete analysis of these causes requires a discussion of solid Earth physics, magnetohydrodynamics, oceanography and meteorology. The study of the Earth's rotation is therefore of interest not only to astronomers who wish to explain their observations, but also to many geophysicists who use the astronomers' observations to understand better the Earth's response to a variety of applied forces. The author emphasizes the important contributions made over the last 15 years, this progress being in part a consequence of the overall progress in geophysics and planetary physics and of the developments in space science and technology, which not only require that the Earth's motion be precisely known but which also have provided new and precise methods for monitoring this motion. This book is suitable for geophysicists, astronomers and geodesists who are actively engaged in research as well as for graduate students.


Canon of Insolation and the IceAge Problem
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Author: Milankovic (Milankovitch) Milutin

The original edition of "The Canon" was published in German (1941). It was translated into Serbian (1997), into English in Jerusalem (1969), and finally into English in Belgrade (1998). The present review is based on Balgrade translation edited by the Textbook Publishing Company, Belgrade. The book has 634 pages, 57 illustrations, 28 tables and 1338 equations.This paper it seeks to give a general overview of Milankovich s accomplishments. the aacount does not follow the historical order of his discoveries, but the order as they appear in "The Canon". The translations quoted in this paper are from the English edition of 1998.
"The Canon" was an interdisciplinary, work between mathematics, astronomy, geophysics and geology. With astronomical methods, Milankovich solved the problems of the secular perturbations in the movements of the Earth; with geophysical methods he solved the law of the Earth s insolation: while with geological methods he studied succession and the history of Quaternary glaciations.


The Excitation and Propagation of Elastic Waves (Cambridge Monographs on Mechanics)
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Author: J. A. Hudson

This paperback edition of Dr Hudson's advanced textbook presents the theory of small disturbances propagating through solids. The material is set out carefully in mathematical detail. The linearised theory of elasticity has now been replaced by a more fundamental approach based on a generalised theory of continuum mechanics. Despite this change of emphasis in solid mechanics there remain important areas of physics in which the linear theory is clearly of fundamental importance, especially in seismology, noise analysis and the nondestructive testing of materials. This is a textbook suitable for advanced undergraduates in a variety of disciplines, including applied mathematics, applied physics, geophysics and structural and civil engineering. The book is of particular interest to seismologists and physicists engaged in nondestructive testing.
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The Rotation of the Earth: A Geophysical Discussion (Cambridge Monographs on Mechanics)
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Author: Walter H. Munk

This book gives an account of certain observed irregularities on the rotation of the Earth, both in its rate of rotation (giving a variable length of day) and in the position of its axis. These irregularities are caused by events on and within the Earth and provide a means of studying a number of geophysical problems. Seasonal shifts in air masses and variable winds are causes of shortperiod fluctuations in the rotation. Climatic changes and their attendant sea levels are in part responsible for longterm fluctuations. Modern observations of the Moon and descriptions of ancient elipses both establish a secular increase in the length of day. The interpretation involves atmospheric, oceanic and bodily tides. The book provides a unified treatment of the rotation of the Earth, making this method of studying geophysical phenomena more readily accessible to geophysicists and others.


Exploring Space, Exploring Earth: New Understanding of the Earth from Space Research
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Author: Paul D. Lowman Jr
Brand: Brand: Cambridge University Press

This book describes the impact of space flight on geology and geophysics, beginning with a foreword by Neil Armstrong, which illustrates how the exploration of space has lead us to a far deeper understanding of our own planet. Direct results from Earthorbital missions include studies of Earth's gravity and magnetic fields. In contrast, the recognition of the economic and biological significance of impact craters on Earth is an indirect consequence of the study of the geology of other planets. The final chapter presents a new theory for the tectonic evolution of the Earth based on comparative planetology and the Gaia concept.
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Mechanics in the Earth and Environmental Sciences
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Author: Gerard V. Middleton
Brand: Brand: Cambridge University Press

The study of the Earth and the environment requires an understanding of the physical processes within and at the surface of the Earth. This book will allow the student to develop a broad working knowledge of mechanics and its application to the earth and environmental sciences. The mathematics are introduced at a level that assumes only an understanding of firstyear calculus. The concepts are then developed to allow an understanding of the basic physics for a wide range of natural processes. These are illustrated by examples from many real situations, such as the application of the theory of flow through porous media to the study of groundwater, the viscosity of fluids to the flow of lava, and the theory of stress to the study of faults. The breadth of topics will allow students and professionals to gain an insight into the workings of many aspects of the Earth's systems.
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 Used Book in Good Condition


Fractals and Chaos in Geology and Geophysics
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Author: Donald L. Turcotte

Now in a greatly expanded second edition, this book relates fractals and chaos to a variety of geological and geophysical applications and introduces the fundamental concepts of fractal geometry and chaotic dynamics. In this new edition, Turcotte expands coverage of selforganized criticality and includes statistics and time series to provide a broad background for the reader. Topics include drainage networks and erosion, floods, earthquakes, mineral and petroleum resources, fragmentation, mantle convection, and magnetic field generation. The author introduces all concepts at the lowest possible level of mathematics consistent with their understanding, so that the reader requires only a background in basic physics and mathematics. He includes problems for the reader to solve. This book will appeal to a broad range of readers interested in complex natural phenomena.


Handbook of Atmospheric Science: Principles and Applications
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The alarming consequences of global climate change have highlighted the need to take urgent steps to combat the causes of air pollution. Hence, understanding the Earth's atmosphere is a vital component in Man's emerging quest for developing sustainable modes of behaviour in the 21st century. Written by a team of expert scientists, the Handbook of Atmospheric Science provides a broad and uptodate account of our understanding of the natural processes that occur within the atmosphere. It examines how Manâ€™s activities have had a detrimental effect on the climate, and how measures may be implemented in order to modify these activities. The book progresses through chapters covering the principles of atmospheric science and the current problems of air pollution at the urban, regional and global scales, to the tools and applications used to understand air pollution. The Handbook of Atmospheric Science offers an excellent overview of this multidisciplinary subject and will prove invaluable to both students and researchers of atmospheric science, air pollution and global change.

