|Physics and Mechanics of Soil Liquefaction
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Brand: Brand: CRC Press
The workshop aims to provide a fundamental understanding of the liquefaction process, necessary to the enhancement of liquefaction prediction. The contributions are divided into eight sections, which include: factors affecting liquefaction susceptibility and field studies of liquefaction.
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|Transformation and Interaction of Geophysical Fields in the Lithosphere (Russian Translations Series)
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Author: O.L. Kuznetsov
Examines energy sources of geophysical fields and processes and their distribution in the lithosphere, based on remote sensing, surface and subsurface observations. This text also covers the theoretical basis of interaction and transformation of geophysical fields.
|History of Geophysics, Vol. 3: The History of Hydrology (Volume 3)
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the History of Geophysics Series, Volume 3.
For society as a whole, and more specifically, for a subgroup of society composed of the practitioners of a specific scientific discipline such as hydrology, the preservation and study of the record of how our understanding of natural processes has developed is not only a worthy and noble goal in itself, but has a didactic role in the education of scientists. However, for such preservation and study of this record to occur requires the action of individuals—either historians of science or practitioners of science. Both have a role, and both are represented in this volume. For the historians of science, such activities represent the focus of their profession. In contrast, for the practicing scientist, such historical activities are necessarily peripheral. In addition, for most such individuals the last formal contact with history came in high school or early in college. The exposure was to political history, all too often with an emphasis on the rote memorization of names and dates, and occasional platitudes regarding history as a key to understanding the future. In the typical university-level science class, there is generally little or no discussion of the historical development of the field. Where such discussion does occur, it more-often-than-not is a proforma, first lecture or part thereof, used more as an ice-breaker than a serious attempt at discussing the development of the present state-of-knowledge. Except for a few advanced seminars, there is generally little emphasis on reading the original literature that forms the foundation of the science summarized in current texts.
|Sea Ice: An Introduction to its Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Geology
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Sea ice, which covers up to 7% of the planet’s surface, is amajor component of the world’s oceans, partly driving oceancirculation and global climate patterns. It provides a habitat fora rich diversity of marine organisms, and is an extremely valuablesource of information in studies of global climate change and theevolution of present day life forms. Increasingly sea ice is beingused as a proxy for extraterrestrial ice covered systems.
Sea Ice provides a comprehensive review of our currentavailable knowledge of polar pack ice, the study of which isseverely constrained by the logistic difficulties of working insuch harsh and remote regions of the earth. The book’seditors, Drs Thomas and Dieckmann have drawn together an impressivegroup of international contributing authors, providing awell-edited and integrated volume, which will stand for many yearsas the standard work on the subject. Contents of the book includedetails of the growth, microstructure and properties of sea ice,large-scale variations in thickness and characteristics, itsprimary production, micro-and macrobiology, sea ice as a habitatfor birds and mammals, sea ice biogeochemistry, particulate flux,and the distribution and significance of palaeo sea ice.
Sea Ice is an essential purchase for oceanographers andmarine scientists, environmental scientists, biologists,geochemists and geologists. All those involved in the study ofglobal climate change will find this book to contain a wealth ofimportant information. All libraries in universities and researchestablishments where these subjects are studied and taught willneed multiple copies on their shelves.
David Thomas is at the School of Ocean Sciences,University of Wales, Bangor, UK.
Gerhard Dieckmann is at the Alfred Wegener Institute forPolar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
|Tectonic Stress in the Lithosphere (Royal Society Discussion Volumes)
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Tectonic stress in the Earth's lithosphere not only reflects the forces acting on the lithospheric plates, some of which are responsible for plate motion, but also controls the locations and magnitudes of natural phenomena which have a substantial impact on humankind's activities and well-being. This book covers observational techniques, whereby stress can be directly measured or inferred, as well as a variety of theoretical approaches which help to explain or predict observations. Contributors were asked by the organizers of the Discussion Meeting (held in April 1991) to write articles which review their chosen field; thus it is intended that this volume will be of use to those with a general interest in lithospheric stress as well as to specialists in the subject.
Lithospheric stress is discussed at a variety of scales. At the largest scale the forces acting on whole plates and at their edges and the global balance of these forces. At least seven different forces have been identified which either drive the individual plates (slab pull, ridge push) or resist their motion (plate drag, etc.). The ridge-push force has a particularly important effect on intraplate tectonic stress, especially beneath oceanic areas. Special problems arise in explaining stress at transform plate boundaries and in some major mountain ranges. On the other hand observations at the Earth's surface, in boreholes or at greater depths (from earthquake focal mechanisms) detect the resultant of these numerous forces, and their interpretation and resolution into component parts is also discussed in several papers. In some cases it is possible to make observations from which deductions about past tectonic stress can be made.
|Free Oscillations of the Earth (Cambridge Monographs on Mechanics)
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Author: Ernest Ralph Lapwood
derived from the field equation
|Geodesy and Physics of the Earth: Geodetic Contributions to Geodynamics : 7th International Symposium "Geodesy and Physics of the Earth" : Potsdam, (International Association of Geodesy Symposia)
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Author: Germany) International Symposium Geodesy and Physics of the Earth (2nd : 1973 : Potsdam
The investigation of the kinematics and dynamics of the Earth has achieved remarkable progresses in the last decades in understanding and explaining a large variety of geo- dynamical, geophysical and geological phenomena. The impact of increasingly precise geodetic space-time measurements and analyses have much contributed to these results. Papers presented atthe 7th International Symposium on Geodesy and Physics of the Earth focus onfour topics: - Present Day Tectonic Motions - Gravity Field and its Variation - Earth Rotation Characteristics - International Programs for Geodesy and Geodynamics Researchers and advanced students may use this volume as a comprehensive reference of concepts, techniques and results.
|Dekorp-Atlas: Results of Deutsches Kontinentales Reflexionsseismisches Programm With 80 Seismic Sections and 5 Further Figures
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Author: R. Meissner
|Super-Deep Continental Drilling and Deep Geophysical Sounding (EXPLORATION OF THE DEEP CONTINENTAL CRUST)
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Author: K. Fuchs
|The Encyclopedia of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
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