|Fractals and Chaos in Geology and Geophysics
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Author: Donald L. Turcotte
Now in a greatly expanded second edition, this book relates fractals and chaos to a variety of geological and geophysical applications and introduces the fundamental concepts of fractal geometry and chaotic dynamics. In this new edition, Turcotte expands coverage of self-organized criticality and includes statistics and time series to provide a broad background for the reader. Topics include drainage networks and erosion, floods, earthquakes, mineral and petroleum resources, fragmentation, mantle convection, and magnetic field generation. The author introduces all concepts at the lowest possible level of mathematics consistent with their understanding, so that the reader requires only a background in basic physics and mathematics. He includes problems for the reader to solve. This book will appeal to a broad range of readers interested in complex natural phenomena.
|The Earth's Variable Rotation: Geophysical Causes and Consequences (Cambridge Monographs on Mechanics)
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Author: Kurt Lambeck
Astronomers have long noted that the Earth does not rotate uniformly about an axis fixed in the planet, that both the length-of-day and the direction of the rotation axis vary periodically and irregularly by small amounts. These variations are an immediate consequence of the Earth not being a rigid body. In this book Professor Lambeck discusses the irregular nature of this motion and the geophysical mechanisms responsible for it. A complete analysis of these causes requires a discussion of solid Earth physics, magnetohydrodynamics, oceanography and meteorology. The study of the Earth's rotation is therefore of interest not only to astronomers who wish to explain their observations, but also to many geophysicists who use the astronomers' observations to understand better the Earth's response to a variety of applied forces. The author emphasizes the important contributions made over the last 15 years, this progress being in part a consequence of the overall progress in geophysics and planetary physics and of the developments in space science and technology, which not only require that the Earth's motion be precisely known but which also have provided new and precise methods for monitoring this motion. This book is suitable for geophysicists, astronomers and geodesists who are actively engaged in research as well as for graduate students.
|Nitrogen in the Marine Environment, Second Edition
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|Exploring Space, Exploring Earth: New Understanding of the Earth from Space Research
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Author: Paul D. Lowman Jr
Brand: Brand: Cambridge University Press
This book describes the impact of space flight on geology and geophysics, beginning with a foreword by Neil Armstrong, which illustrates how the exploration of space has lead us to a far deeper understanding of our own planet. Direct results from Earth-orbital missions include studies of Earth's gravity and magnetic fields. In contrast, the recognition of the economic and biological significance of impact craters on Earth is an indirect consequence of the study of the geology of other planets. The final chapter presents a new theory for the tectonic evolution of the Earth based on comparative planetology and the Gaia concept.
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|Physics and Mechanics of Soil Liquefaction
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Brand: Brand: CRC Press
The workshop aims to provide a fundamental understanding of the liquefaction process, necessary to the enhancement of liquefaction prediction. The contributions are divided into eight sections, which include: factors affecting liquefaction susceptibility and field studies of liquefaction.
- Used Book in Good Condition
|Transformation and Interaction of Geophysical Fields in the Lithosphere (Russian Translations Series)
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Author: O.L. Kuznetsov
Examines energy sources of geophysical fields and processes and their distribution in the lithosphere, based on remote sensing, surface and subsurface observations. This text also covers the theoretical basis of interaction and transformation of geophysical fields.
|History of Geophysics, Vol. 3: The History of Hydrology (Volume 3)
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the History of Geophysics Series, Volume 3.
For society as a whole, and more specifically, for a subgroup of society composed of the practitioners of a specific scientific discipline such as hydrology, the preservation and study of the record of how our understanding of natural processes has developed is not only a worthy and noble goal in itself, but has a didactic role in the education of scientists. However, for such preservation and study of this record to occur requires the action of individuals—either historians of science or practitioners of science. Both have a role, and both are represented in this volume. For the historians of science, such activities represent the focus of their profession. In contrast, for the practicing scientist, such historical activities are necessarily peripheral. In addition, for most such individuals the last formal contact with history came in high school or early in college. The exposure was to political history, all too often with an emphasis on the rote memorization of names and dates, and occasional platitudes regarding history as a key to understanding the future. In the typical university-level science class, there is generally little or no discussion of the historical development of the field. Where such discussion does occur, it more-often-than-not is a proforma, first lecture or part thereof, used more as an ice-breaker than a serious attempt at discussing the development of the present state-of-knowledge. Except for a few advanced seminars, there is generally little emphasis on reading the original literature that forms the foundation of the science summarized in current texts.
|Tectonic Stress in the Lithosphere (Royal Society Discussion Volumes)
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The understanding of the dynamic processes driving plate tectonics can be aided by knowledge of the stress field within the lithosphere. Key workers in the field discuss the origin and distribution of these stresses, as well as methods of determining the state of stress in the lithosphere.
|Seismic Wave Propagation in Stratified Media (Cambridge Monographs on Mechanics)
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Author: B. L. N. Kennett
The success of this book stems from its clear and concise, yet detailed summary of the advances in seismic source studies during the past two decades. Dr Kennett presents a mainly theoretical account of the passage of seismic waves from source to receiver, linking the theoretical development to the nature of seismograms observed across a wide range of distance scales - from a few kilometres, as in shallow reflection work for geophysical prospecting, to many thousands of kilometres for earthquakes. A unified framework is presented for all classes of seismic phenomena, for both body waves and surface waves. Each topic is taken up systematically, including many topics not normally covered in discussion of propagator theory, such as source representation theory, generalised ray theory, and the calculation of complete theoretical seismograms including all wave effects arising from the presence of the Earth's surface.
|Geodesy and Physics of the Earth: Geodetic Contributions to Geodynamics : 7th International Symposium "Geodesy and Physics of the Earth" : Potsdam, (International Association of Geodesy Symposia)
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Author: Germany) International Symposium Geodesy and Physics of the Earth (2nd : 1973 : Potsdam
The investigation of the kinematics and dynamics of the Earth has achieved remarkable progresses in the last decades in understanding and explaining a large variety of geo- dynamical, geophysical and geological phenomena. The impact of increasingly precise geodetic space-time measurements and analyses have much contributed to these results. Papers presented atthe 7th International Symposium on Geodesy and Physics of the Earth focus onfour topics: - Present Day Tectonic Motions - Gravity Field and its Variation - Earth Rotation Characteristics - International Programs for Geodesy and Geodynamics Researchers and advanced students may use this volume as a comprehensive reference of concepts, techniques and results.