The alarming consequences of global climate change have highlighted the need to take urgent steps to combat the causes of air pollution. Hence, understanding the Earth's atmosphere is a vital component in Man's emerging quest for developing sustainable modes of behaviour in the 21st century.
Written by a team of expert scientists, the Handbook of Atmospheric Science provides a broad and up-to-date account of our understanding of the natural processes that occur within the atmosphere. It examines how Man’s activities have had a detrimental effect on the climate, and how measures may be implemented in order to modify these activities. The book progresses through chapters covering the principles of atmospheric science and the current problems of air pollution at the urban, regional and global scales, to the tools and applications used to understand air pollution.
The Handbook of Atmospheric Science offers an excellent overview of this multi-disciplinary subject and will prove invaluable to both students and researchers of atmospheric science, air pollution and global change.
Sea ice, which covers up to 7% of the planet’s surface, is a major component of the world’s oceans, partly driving ocean circulation and global climate patterns. It provides a habitat for a rich diversity of marine organisms, and is an extremely valuable source of information in studies of global climate change and the evolution of present day life forms. Increasingly sea ice is being used as a proxy for extraterrestrial ice covered systems.
Sea Ice provides a comprehensive review of our current available knowledge of polar pack ice, the study of which is severely constrained by the logistic difficulties of working in such harsh and remote regions of the earth. The book’s editors, Drs Thomas and Dieckmann have drawn together an impressive group of international contributing authors, providing a well-edited and integrated volume, which will stand for many years as the standard work on the subject. Contents of the book include details of the growth, microstructure and properties of sea ice, large-scale variations in thickness and characteristics, its primary production, micro-and macrobiology, sea ice as a habitat for birds and mammals, sea ice biogeochemistry, particulate flux, and the distribution and significance of palaeo sea ice.
Sea Ice is an essential purchase for oceanographers and marine scientists, environmental scientists, biologists, geochemists and geologists. All those involved in the study of global climate change will find this book to contain a wealth of important information. All libraries in universities and research establishments where these subjects are studied and taught will need multiple copies on their shelves.
David Thomas is at the School of Ocean Sciences, University of Wales, Bangor, UK.
Gerhard Dieckmann is at the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
The investigation of the kinematics and dynamics of the Earth has achieved remarkable progress in the last decades enabling to understand and to explain for the first time a large variety of geodynamical, geophysical and geological phenomena. Besides the interdisciplinary geoscientific investigations the impact of increasingly precise geodetic space-time measurements and analyses have much contributed to these results. The series of symposia Geodesy and Physics of the Earth have been dedicated to these problems since the beginning. Whereas the first symposium of this series was held in 1970 on the occasion of the centenary of the foundation of the former Royal Prussian Geodetic Institute (in Berlin), the 7th symposium was celebrated in October, 1992, on the occasion of the looth anniversary of geodetic research on the Telegrafenberg in Potsdam. The 7th International Symposium Geodesy and Physics of the Earth - the lAG Symposium No. 112 - was organized by the recently created GeoForschungsZentrum (GFZ) Potsdam together with the International Association of Geodesy (lAG). It was further co-sponsored by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Deutsche Geodatische Kommission and the Ministerium fur Wissenschaft, Forschung und Kultur of the state of Brandenburg. As contributions of geodesy to the interdisciplinary investigation of geodynamics a total of 142 papers were presented and discussed, 108 of them are included in this publication. Besides General Aspects the presentations are divided into four main topics.
The workshop aims to provide a fundamental understanding of the liquefaction process, necessary to the enhancement of liquefaction prediction. The contributions are divided into eight sections, which include: factors affecting liquefaction susceptibility and field studies of liquefaction.
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